A history of Gambling in Saskatchewan (Part 2)

A history of Gambling in Saskatchewan (Part 2)


Going for round two… recorded this first one. Zero sound.
Hey everyone this is Bridging The GAP on Gambling.
I’m your host Dan.
Thank you for tuning in today!
I know today’s video.We’re a little off the release schedule, it’s been a busy couple of weeks here.
There’s been a lot of Conferences, there’s been traveling, and there’s just been a lot other work piling up here in the office, that I’ve had to catch up on.
But, we really are trying to get these out
out every 2 weeks or so
But, thank you for checking back in today, and, it’s great
being back in front of y’all.
Sorry for the delays.
So
If you caught our last video we covered some
of the Original indigenous versions of gambling
that where happening here in Saskatchewan really
before Europeans made it across the Atlantic.
Today we’re carrying on with the history
lesson, but in a bit more recent period.
So, today we’re going to have a look at how gambling
evolved after Europeans started settling in Canada.
So, today’s video is going to take us all
the way back to the 16 hundreds.
Just pre-face this with a quick history lesson – The Vikings where the first Europeans to land in Labrador
about a 1000 years ago.
This site is now called I’Anse aux Meadows
– means Jellyfish Cove, it’s a world heritage
site now if you ever wanted to check it out
I’ve got a link down in the description.
Then about 500 years later in 1497 you have
John Cabot, who was an Englishman.
He lands on Canada’s eastern coast line.
Cabot is the one who gave Newfoundland it’s
name, New – Founde land.
Then in 1534 Jacques Cartier, a Frenchman,
officially lands 3 voyages to Canada from
across the Atlantic.
Cartier is how Canada got its name – Kanata,
it was an Iroquian word for village and by
the 1550’s Canada just ended up on
most maps and the name just kinda stuck.
60… years later in 1608 the French establish
Quebec City and for about 60 years the French
control most of the fur trade here in Canada.
Then in 1670 the Hudson’s Bay Company comes
along.
There’s about 100 years of French and English
competition on the fur trader until around
1760 when the English defeat the French and
become the dominant Europeans in Canada.
The next hundred years end up a mix of wars,
treaties, and eventually, in 1867 the confederation
of Canada happens and Canada becomes its own
country.
At this point in history things like card
and dice games were really just forms of entertainment
more then anything else. There really wasn’t a formal place people were going to play them. It was just kind of, if you could, do it. If not,
Well… you were just trying not to die from the elements. It was a rough time at the beginning of the 19th century.
Now, here’s really where we come back into
our story.
After confederation we had the Constitution
Act of 1867.
This was followed by the Criminal Code of
Canada which was written in 1892.
This is really where we find most of “Saskatchewan’s”,
Early Gambling Laws, really, it’s Canada cause,
Saskatchewan wasn’t a province yet.
**long drawn out “Nooooooooo”**
So what were those laws?
Well things like gaming houses, lotteries,
and gambling on public transportation. Which would be things like trains or buggies.
were all considered illegal.
Those laws don’t change, but a few years
later in 1901 raffles and playing bingo at
religious and charitable events gets legislated
and made legal.
But, the prizes had to be less than $50 dollars.
A couple years later, in September of 1905
BOOM, Saskatchewan becomes a province!
And the people rejoice!
Ok, so now we’re looking into the 1900’s… 19 hundreds… 20th century… I don’t remember how you phrase it… it’s the early 19 hundreds.
This is when things start to become more legal for gambling.
In 1910, for example, horse racing gets the ok – which
isn’t really a surprise for centuries
Horse racing was seen as a nobleman’s sport,
and often something to bet on.
But, because all most all other forms of gambling
at this point were still considered illegal
a lot of criminal activity was also taking
place in the early point in the century.
Things like gambling dens and street scams
were really common.
This eventually lead to the Criminal Code
of Canada to Ban dice games, shell games,
punch boards and three card monte in 1922.
But, only three years later, in 1925 agricultural
fairs and exhibitions get the ok to add games
of chance to their event lists.
Things like the wheel of fortune, bingo, raffles,
and of course, all those fair games we all love to lose
like that shooting game where you have to shoot out the little red star. Just, get’s me every year!
Now for 25 years things don’t really change
much until in 1954 when lotteries for charitable
organization become legal as long as their
properly licensed.
At the same time, a committee in parliament,
makes recommends that state-sponsored lotteries
– think lotto 649… be prohibited.
Which is a kind of an interesting recommendation from the 1950’s
That minor change doesn’t last long, because
in 1969 all forms of gambling get legalized
under the criminal code.
The federal government gives provinces the
authority to run casinos and lotteries as
they see fit.
The feds also gives provinces the ability
to license out raffles, bingos, and lotteries
for charitable and religious organizations.
BUT gambling as a whole was still federally
regulated and over seen.
Now, 2 years later Saskatchewan starts licensing
casinos in the province, but when I say casino
I actually just kind of mean like a temporary gaming
room where you can gamble. They would really only show up during exhibitions and fairs.
You can notice at this point gambling is still mostly
recreational, and it really only shows up a couple times a year.
Fast forward to 1974. This is when Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and BC all form the Non-profit,
Western Canada Lottery Corporation or the WCLC.
Sask Sport Inc. also takes control of all
the funds from Saskatchewan Lotteries and
these funds get ear marked for things like
sports, culture, and other recreational uses
throughout the province.
We’re almost done, almost done, bare with me, I’ve got 2 more important dates.
These next two are actually pretty big ones. They’re kind of the big turning points in Canadian gambling history.
So the first is the Olympic Lottery Corp. being
established by the federal government in 1973.
These guys run a country wide lottery to help
pay for the 1976 Olympics in Montreal, Quebec.
This is actually the first major public “service”
funded mostly by gambling revenue, remember
prior to 1969 gambling was basically illegal. So this is a pretty big change in our public tune of what we’re doing with funding from gambling.
Then we have the 1985 amendment to the criminal
code.
Which is probably the second biggest change
to gambling in Canada since gambling gets legalized.
The provinces are basically given full jurisdiction
to oversee, license, and operate gambling
activities under existing gambling laws.
Basically that just means the federal government steps out of the picture and provinces are now fully
in control of how gambling happens in their territory.
That’s a lot of information. A lot of Dates. Hopefully you followed along in our lovely timeline.
So here is where we’re gonna to leave today’s
video.
We went from casual entertainment at the being of the colonization of Canada.
To everything was banned, to sort of different forms of legalness structures.
To the very beginning of gambling starting to fund public services.
So next time, we’re going to have a look at the
casino era, which is the same timeline the
Gambling Awareness Program starts to enter the picture.
So make sure you check out our next video…it’s probably going to be out in 2 weeks.
He said knowing that’s maybe not true…
Thank you for watching today’s video. I hope you enjoyed today’s video. If you did, maybe give us a like,
Toss us a share.
Subscribe to our channel. We’ve got all of the history links down in the description, if you want to check out any of those.
As always
We appreciate you guys checking us out, So
take care of yourselves and we’ll see you next time!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *