Improve Vocabulary ★ Sleep Learning ★ Listen To Spoken English Conversation, Binaural Beats Part 24✔

Improve Vocabulary ★ Sleep Learning ★ Listen To Spoken English Conversation, Binaural Beats Part 24✔


Taxes are special fees charged by a government on the people who live in a country state or city
These fees help pay for public services like police road and bridge repair and public schools in
The United States people have to pay national state and local taxes
Income tax is a tax applied to how much money a person earns in a year
There are both federal and state income taxes
These have to be paid every year by April 15th
There are special forms the Internal Revenue Service IRS
The government agency in charge of collecting taxes ask people to fill out
there are tax credits that people with low income college students and parents can get
These credits could mean actually getting money back from the government
This money is called a tax refund
People can get both a federal and state tax refund anyone who works has to be taxed regardless of the immigration status
Not paying income taxes could mean a fine or even jail time
Payroll taxes are taxes that are taken right out of a person’s paycheck
There are federal and state payroll taxes these include Social Security and Medicare taxes
Social Security taxes pay for the retirement and disability benefits received by millions of Americans each year
Medicare taxes pay for the federal health insurance program that covers the elderly and the disabled
People who own houses pay property taxes the amount paid depends on how much the property is worth
This tax is usually paid once a year the sales tax is a tax almost everyone pays
Sales tax is a specific extra percentage charge on nearly all purchases
Everything from soap to furniture has a sales tax attached when bought
The amount of the sales tax is different across states and cities
Health insurance is one way to pay for health care
health care includes visits to the doctor
Prescription medication and emergency services people can pay for medicine and her visits directly in cash or they can use health insurance
Health insurance usually means you pay less for these services
There are different types of health insurance and some jobs companies offer health insurance plans as part of a benefits package
individuals can also buy health insurance
The elderly and disabled can get government-run health insurance through programs like Medicaid and Medicare
There are many different health insurance companies or plans
Each health plan has a set of doctors. They work with
Once a person picks a plan they pay a premium. Which is a fixed amount of money every month?
Once in a plan a person picks a doctor they want to see from that plan
That doctor is the person’s primary care provider
Obamacare or the Affordable Care Act is a recently passed law that makes it easier for people to get health insurance
The law requires all Americans have health insurance by 2014
those that do not
Get health insurance by the end of the year will have to pay fine in the form of extra tax when they file for their
income taxes
through Obamacare people can still get insurance through their jobs privately or through Medicaid and Medicare
They can also buy health insurance through state marketplaces. Where people can get help choosing your plan based on their income and health care needs
These marketplaces also create an easier way to compare what different plans offer if people cannot afford to pay health insurance
they may qualify for government programs that offer free health insurance like Medicaid Medicare or phalloidin a
special program called the Children’s Health Insurance Program chip
Immigration in the United States is a complicated and controversial issue
Since the founding of the country people have come from different countries in search of a better life and opportunities
Immigration laws. However are always changing and are complicated this leads to many people coming into the u.s.. Without proper legal status
While some people call immigrants who come and stay in the US without proper papers illegals many consider this term offensive
The more acceptable term is undocumented since they do not have the correct legal documents
It is estimated that there are more than 11 million undocumented people in the United States
While some people will say there is no reason for immigrants to be undocumented in the u.s.
there are limits on the amount of green cards or legal permanent resident cards people from certain countries can get
There are also long waiting lists up to 14 years in some cases for people coming from certain countries
to apply for legal status in the US
Additionally there are a limited number of our visas or permits for people coming into the US with manual labor skills
millions of undocumented people have been deported or sent back to their country of origin under President Obama in
2013 the US Senate passed an immigration reform bill the law adds extra border security along the us-mexico border and
Also makes it easier for immigrants to become citizens
The bill which also has to be approved by the House of Representatives has not yet been presented or voted on by Congress
Because of this many are asking President Obama to take action to protect some of the undocumented
Many of whom have been in the US for many years and have children that are US citizens
The american community college system is a place for second chances
Community College our two-year schools at thrived in California after the end of World War two
Many American military personnel were returning to civilian life after their service to their country
Some of these young people decided not to go to college after high school
So that they could serve their country during that time of need
When they returned many of them turned to the community college system in California to continue their education
The United States government introduced the GI bill at the time giving returning servicemen and women
Educational benefits to help them get back to school
Soon community colleges and new school districts began appearing throughout the country
Community college helped ease returning military personnel back into college life
It was a low cost less stressful alternative to going back to a four-year university
today community colleges attract students from all parts of the world in
California a large population of students comes from Asia and Latin America
These schools provide a second chance to international students who have experienced difficulties attending college in their native countries
American students who may have not done well academically in high school
and they’re not enter a university can turn to Community College for a second chance to
community colleges providing much-needed resource for all these students for our military personnel
International students and high school students alike are all welcome
What are the best things about community colleges is that they accept anyone at anytime?
This means people who have not found what they want to do in life can try more than one area of study
If they don’t like one course of study they can always try something else that is the beauty of community colleges
These days many people attend community colleges with plans to transfer to a four-year college or university to get a bachelor’s degree
It’s kind of like a stepping stone
there are many reasons why people do this one reason is that some community colleges have transfer agreements with private and state colleges and
university that guarantee admission
Even if a community college doesn’t have the agreement of a guaranteed spot in a four-year college it has articulation agreements with four-year schools
These agreements tell you exactly what classes a student in a Community College needs to take in order to be able to transfer
These agreements make sure that students don’t waste time taking classes that won’t transfer
most of these classes one needs to take before transferring or general education classes like math and English
another reason why many students start their undergraduate degree at a community college is a financial one a
Four-year college or university is much more expensive than a two-year college
This is especially true for immigrant students who don’t qualify for financial aid loans or scholarships?
Also community colleges tend to offer more evening classes so it can accommodate people who will have to work while attending school
They are also a good option for older students with families who need a more flexible schedule while taking care of children
Community colleges also tend to be commuter schools meaning people don’t have to live on a campus in dorms
attending a community college means you can still live at home with your parents, which can save the family a huge amount of money if
A student didn’t do well in high school it community college would provide him or her with another opportunity to enter a four-year university
community colleges offer many classes to help students develop their math and writing skills
When you attend a four-year college you are expected to have those skills already
Community College will prepare students to successfully graduate from a four-year school
Most children in the u.s.. Begin school at age 5 when they go to kindergarten. This is the beginning of elementary or primary school
Most children stay in elementary schools, so they are about 11 years old
elementary schools are divided by grades the youngest children begin in kindergarten at age five and
Then go to first grade
second grade and so on
Most elementary schools go up to fifth or sixth grade
the focus of an elementary school is basic academic and socialization skills
mostly children learn how to read write count add subtract multiply and divide
Students also learn the rules of English grammar spelling and vocabulary
children also learn basic shelter studies or history science art and music skills and
participate in gym or physical education
In elementary schools children also learn how to follow directions share and work in groups
Students usually stay in one classroom all day with one teacher who stays with them throughout the year
Students may leave the classroom to visit the school library the school gym and attend special science art and music classes
Students also usually leave the classroom for lunch and recess
for lunch students sit at tables separated by grade in a large cafeteria
Recess is usually half an hour when children go into a yard to play
The typical school day starts at about 8:00 in the morning and ends at about 3:00 p.m.
Students go to school from Monday to Friday and have the weekends off
Elementary school teachers are licensed by the state or they work
They have to graduate from college or even graduate school taking special classes in early childhood and elementary education
Before teachers can be in a classroom with students the to pass a background check and take an exam
Once a child finishes fifth or sixth grade in elementary school
They graduate and go on to middle school or junior high school
This school is a separate building or a set of buildings. No students in middle school are between the ages of 10 and 14
the great system continues in middle school middle school usually starts with 6th or 7th grade and ends with 8th grade
While they are less common some Elementary School’s go from kindergarten to eighth grade
Most students are assigned a middle school based on where they live however
There are charter private and specialized public middle schools that have an application process
The purpose of middle school is to provide transition period between elementary school and high school
middle school prepares students for high school life and
Middle school students don’t stay in one classroom all day with one teacher
students can change classrooms for different subjects and have different teachers for each subject in
Middle school some students may even be able to choose some of their own classes
called electives
There is a sect core of classes that all students have to take
These include English math science and social studies or history classes
gym or physical education classes are also required a
Common feature of middle school is a homeroom
which is a classroom students visit at a scheduled time once a day or once a week a
homeroom teacher takes attendance and makes announcements of things students need to know
The homeroom also, helps students feel like there is one common place and one common teacher. They see regularly
This is to help with the transition from elementary school to secondary school once a student finishes middle school
They have your graduation ceremony and go to a high school assigned to them or a high school they picked after
Middle or junior high school u.s.. Students. Go to high school going to school is free in the United States including high schools
Students do not need to pay tuitions or even textbooks and lunches are free of course
We are talking about public schools if parents choose to send their kids to private schools. They need to pay very expensive tuitions
High school is the last four years of school that students in the US are required to attend by law
high school students are
Grades it begins at ninth grade and finishes with 12th grade some high schools
Even public high schools have admission exams or an application process
Public schools admit students based on where they live in order to successfully complete high school
Students have to complete a series of core classes including math English science
History a foreign language and gym or physical education
Students usually can also choose to take electives or specialized courses in a subject that interests them
Some high schools in the US have exit exams and students are required to pass in addition to completing
their course in order to graduate and earn a high school diploma a
law called a No Child Left Behind Act requires high schools that get federal money to make students take a standardized exam every year a
High school diploma is required for students who want to continue on to college and is considered a minimum requirement for any jobs
High school classes are designed to prepare students for college
Some high schools offer specialized skills so that the students can find their work after graduation without going to college
Those are called vocational high schools in high school some students have the opportunity to take advanced placement classes
These are college level classes if the students pass an exam after taking AP classes
They can get college credit in high school students move from class to class throughout the school day
Not every parent looks forward to the day when their child goes off to school in
Fact some parents are not sending their students to school at all
Instead they are choosing to teach the children at home. This is called homeschooling
parents caregivers or private tutors educate children individually at home or
Instead send them off to be formally educated in public or private schools in
The US only about three percent of the children are home-schooled
There are many reasons why some parents choose to home-school
One reason is that some parents do not feel the children are safe in school because of bullying and growing trend of police in school
Other parents want their children education to be based on their religion or moral leaves
Yet other parents feel like the education in school is not good enough
Homeschooling is also seen as a choice for families that live in rural areas and families that travel like actors
There are many different ways to home-school and homeschooling allows parents to customize lessons based on their children’s needs
families can purchase textbooks to use or create their own materials
Some parents who follow a philosophy called unschooling
Which allows a child to determine when and how they want to learn based on their natural curiosity?
some worry that homeschooling means students won’t have opportunities to socialize to
Answer this concern some families have created cooperatives
where a group of
homeschool students will learn and play together and participate in activities
That would normally happen in school like field trips and prom
Being homeschooled doesn’t mean a student cannot go to college
most colleges accept
Homeschooled students it is important however for parents and students to create a portfolio or proof of what has been learned
When parents send their children to school often. They don’t know what happens day to day
Parents rely on what their children tell them about what they are doing and what they are learning?
Generally schools will host parent-teacher conferences at least twice a year
Parent-teacher conferences are short meetings between parents and their children’s teachers
Usually parent-teacher conferences are held when teachers give out a students grades for the term
the parent-teacher conferences give teachers an opportunity to let parents know how their child is doing a
Teacher will let a parent know the students drinks and bring to the parents attention any problems with grades or behavior
The meetings also offer parents the opportunity to ask questions and see what their child is learning
When it is almost time for parent-teacher conferences the school will send parents a note and usually give them an appointment time
There are appointments during the day and in the evening
Evening appointments are used for parents who work during the day
parent-teacher conferences do not last very long
Normally, they do not last longer than 10 minutes
This is why it is important for parents to make sure they arrive at their appointments on time and come prepared with questions
If a parent needs more than 10 minutes. He or she should tried to schedule another meeting with the teacher
Keeping a teacher for more than 10 minutes
When there are parents waiting is disrespectful?
Most children do not go along with the parents in the meetings
This allows both the parent and teacher to talk honestly about the child’s progress without making the child feel bad
Usually a teacher will offer advice to the parent on how to support their child’s education
Public school is available for kids from kindergarten through twelfth grade free of charge
However many families choose to pay for the children’s primary and secondary education
By sending them to private schools
There are many different types of private schools and many different reasons why parents send their kids there
Some private schools are military type, and yet others are boarding schools. Where students live on campus
Some private schools are affiliated with a certain religion these schools teach a specific
Beliefs and traditions as well as regular academic subjects
There are schools run by Catholics Protestants
Jewish people Muslims and Orthodox Christians there are also private schools that specialize in teaching disabled students
Some parents choose private schools because they feel that they offer a better education and public schools
Others choose private schools because they offer a different type of curriculum
Waldorf schools for example only let children play and use items made of natural materials
Private schools are also called independent schools or non state schools because they are not run by local state or national
Governments, they can pick up what students go to their schools
They do this through admission examinations and interviews
There is often an admissions application some private schools accept anyone who can pay tuition or money to send their children there
Some schools charge up to forty-five thousand a year
Private schools charge tuition because they do not get any money collected from local state and national
taxes
Some private schools offer a limited number of scholarships to help pay for school many of these scholarships are need-based
Meaning for students who can’t afford the tuition
Other scholarships are after for students with very good grades or for students that have a talent in a sport or art
California is the largest state in the United States of America it is home to more than 10% of the country’s total population
It also has a large education system in the country the college and university system is divided into four parts
Those parts are the University of California system the California State University system the Community College System and private institutions
the UC system has more than
230,000 students at its 10 campuses it is considered the more prestigious system in the state
It includes top universities like UC Berkeley on the University of California in Los Angeles UCLA
both schools ranked in the top 25 universities in the country with Berkeley in the top 10 a
Degree from the UC system is highly sought and the academic standards are higher than the other systems. They are also more expensive
California State Universities count 23 universities and systems it is diversify system that includes two
Polytechnic universities and a maritime University these schools offer vocational and maritime education but also offer traditional
academic programs the system’s enrollment approximately
450,000 students with about 45,000 faculty members
the California Community College System is the largest systems of higher education in the state and
The world it boasts 112 campuses and serves approximately 2.4 million students it offers transfer degrees
vocational training and associate’s degree programs
California is also home to a large number of privately owned and operated schools these schools have no ties to the state school system
But some doest have transfer students from community colleges
The most normal and prestigious schools in the state are Stanford University in Palo Alto and the University of Southern, California in Los Angeles
Driving in the u.s.. Can be confusing. Not just because of all its rules and laws that drivers must follow
But also because of driving customs
Many people in the US are really dependent on their cars to get to work and school in
fact most American workers spend an hour driving to work each day in
Order to drive in the US you have to go through your local
Department of Motor Vehicles first and take your written test to get your learner’s permit if you pass this test you can practice DRI
So you can pass a road test and get your license
The Department of Motor Vehicles or DMV has free booklets you can go and get to study for your learner’s permit
You can also access the information online and even take your practice written exam
To prepare for the road test you can have a friend teach you to drive or pay to take classes at a driving school
You cannot however practice driving by yourself if you are caught driving with only a learner’s permit you can get into trouble with the law
Once you get your driver’s license in one state you can use it drive in all United States wherever you drive
You will see signs posted along the road indicating the speed limit these numbers are not a suggestion
Generally you can drive faster on a highway than on local streets
Local police use special equipment to detect your speed if they detect you are speeding or driving over the speed limit
Police can stop you and give you a ticket you will have to pay a fine and some of the fines are more than $100
The lines painted on the road are not just to keep cars in their lanes
They send a message for example a solid double yellow line means that it is against the law to pass another car here
Each new year’s day the City of Pasadena in
California was his celebration to welcome the year with a series of events that includes the Rose Parade
The parade takes place in the center of the city on Colorado Boulevard and features numerous floats marching bands equestrian teams
celebrities and honorees
It is the most popular parade in the country it has spawned several other New Year’s Day parades throughout the country in Miami
It’s the Orange Bowl parade in New Orleans. It is a Sugar Bowl parade in Arizona. It’s called a Fiesta Bowl parade
However the Rose Parade is the oldest and best parade
Many people like to camp out in tents or steaming bags the night before to get the best locations to view the Rose Parade
to brave the cold weather
Some people bring portable heaters to keep them warm it can get into the low 40s at night in Pasadena during the winter
So many people dress warm for the occasion food is another big feature at the pre parade celebration on New Year’s Eve
People bring their portable grills to cook their favorite outdoor meals right on the sidewalk
The rich aroma of grilling food fills the night air and most people are willing to share their food with other overnight campers
it is fun to sample a different dishes from other grillers as
Night turns into morning. There’s still electricity in the air people are excited about the start of the parade which begins at 8:00 a.m.. Sharp
The floats are beautifully decorated in flowers while the dancers and other performers dress in colorful costumes
Some of which are made just for the parade
The marching band comes from nearby cities high schools and colleges. It is considered a great honor to participate in the Rose Parade
The self-portrait is nothing new
Painters and photographers have always used themselves as subjects today
However almost everyone walks around with the camera in his or her pocket
This is because most cell phones have cameras on them
the fact that most people have cell phone cameras with them all the time has led to the rise of the selfie a
Selfie is a self-portrait usually taken with a cell phone
Since the pictures are usually taken on a cell phone
Many people tend to share these photographs with friends and even strangers on different social networking websites
Some of the popular social networking platforms people use to share selfies include Instagram snapchat and Facebook
People usually take selfies when they are engaged in normal day-to-day activities
They take selfies or their commutes to work or school
People take selfies of themselves eating other people take selfies to show what they are wearing or whom they are hanging out with
The most common way to take a selfie is by holding a cell phone at arm’s length
Some people take selfies by taking a picture of their reflection in the mirror in these pictures
You can usually see the phone or the person who is taking a picture with
Selfie-sticking using mirror are often taking any bathroom, which some people think is offensive
The bathroom is a very private place not a place to take pictures
Some people think that selfies are a sign that people are becoming vain or superficial
It is not often that people take pictures of themselves that make them look bad
when people take pictures of themselves
Dvd-r trying to present themselves in the best light
However some people use selfies to show what they really look like
Some people are trying to challenge stereotypes of what makes someone attractive in
US cities like New York and Los Angeles many people live in small apartments
Despite not having homes with big yards some apartment dwellers seek the companionship that domesticated animals like dogs and cats offer
Some people feel that having a pet even in a small space is good for teaching children responsibility however
many landlords forbid tenants from having pets
specifically cats and dogs because it will damage the animals can do to carpets some landlords even forbid birds because of the noise they make
Many landlords charge an extra fee known as a pet deposit to tenants who wants to keep the pets
This is to pay for repairs or cleaning caused by the pet
Many times apartment dwellers will choose animals like fish
Hermit crabs guinea pigs or hamsters that make little noise little mess and won’t chew up the furniture
Other people keep lizards as pets since they don’t require much space and can be kept in small cages or tanks
Another benefit of these smaller pets is that they don’t need to be walked
However some people who live in apartments have pets that are not so ordinary
some of these less than ordinary pets include mammals like hedgehogs
Amphibians like frogs and spiders like tarantulas not all axalta pects are legal, though
In order to maintain public safety some cities and states have laws banning specific animals as pets New York City for example
Bans people from keeping ferrets snapping turtles pythons and scorpions as pets
It seems unlikely that a family would have a polar bear named fluffy or a whale named bubbles as a pet
New York City has specific laws banning these wild animals from residences
These laws exist for a good reason in
2003 a man and a man had an apartment was discovered to have a 350 pound Bengal tiger as a pet a
wake is when people go to a DC’s person’s home or a funeral parlor to pay their last respects a
Funeral parlor is a place where the preparation of the corpse for burial takes place
Part of the preparation can be dressing the deceased doing their makeup and placing them in a coffin for people to see
Some people do have a closed casket week where you can’t see the dead person
Some people are not even choosing coffins for their daily departed loved ones in
The United States more and more families are choosing nuts that have tradition waiks
There is a recent trend of people having non-traditional wings with the deceased person Pole is doing something they love
Doing when they were alive?
for example a
Family in New Orleans had their dead loved one posed at a table with a cigarette between her fingers and they can appear
one funeral home in Puerto Rico
Has become famous for its non-traditional wakes
It all started in
2008 when a family asked for either dead loved ones to be propped up against the wall of their home for the week
When a paramedic died his family had his dead body in the driver’s seat of an ambulance
Another family had a man propped up in a fake boxing ring for his wake one dead man was posed on top of his motorcycle
Recently a grandmother was posed sitting in her rocking chair
These non-traditional winks had their critics though
Some people think they are disrespectful
They think of a death as a solemn and sad occasion not a time to pose the dead as if they were toys
Fans feel it helps them remember the dead as they were when they were alive
It is very common to see homeless people on the streets of Los Angeles
This is a problem that has persisted in the city since the beginning of the 20th century
back in that time
california was known for offering many job opportunities in farming and
Many young men were hopping on trains from all over the country to arrive in los angeles
Unfortunately many of those men often ended up finding themselves without a job a place to stay or even food to eat
To help these people many churches began to establish shelters in the area of Los Angeles that would eventually become downtown
Even as the farm landscape changed to a big-city environment
These shelters remained a refuge for many individuals that found themselves homeless in the area
Nowadays the homeless population of Los Angeles is made up of much more than just young men looking for work
Many economic and social changes have resulted in both men and women of all ages turning to the streets of Los Angeles
Some of them, are there as a result of substance abuse that has left them moneyless and jobless
Others are veterans from various wars that cannot find the resources to get their normal lines
Additionally many of these people suffer from mental disabilities that limit them from finding a job or being accepted in the rest of society
Since there are a lot of different causes that lead to homelessness
It is easy to see why finding solutions to helping all of the homeless people is so difficult
Although there are many programs that focus on providing the homeless food daily
it is much harder to find programs they try to assist the homeless in finding jobs and
stable housing
In order to finally find a solution that will effectively help decrease the number of homeless people in the city a lot more individualized attention
Must be placed on individuals based on their physical and mental health and circumstance
Some of the everyday heroes in the United States are the country’s paramedics
These young men and women are usually the first people who respond to medical emergencies
suffered by citizens
paramedics must complete a very extensive physical training program that is designed to weed out those who cannot make the cut a
Paramedic must be in a fit condition and be mentally strong to perform his or her duties in
the face of danger
Many of these heroes must endure life-threatening situation when responding to emergencies
Paramedics are usually attached to a County or City Fire Department
But there are also some private paramedic organizations in Southern, California
There are two primary schools for pattern Marin
They are UCLA’s Daniel Freeman paramedic program and the paramedic training institute
Both of these schools provide candidates for the Los Angeles County and City Fire Department’s to become a paramedic for a county or city organization
Candidates must also pass a psychological screening and a physical training program
Some of the equipment paramedics carry is very specialized
They carry basic and advanced life support gear such as forcible entry tools
So they can reach people in peril saws to cut through obstacles and other emergency equipment
paramedics provide a valuable service to the communities they serve
They must be certified in the cardiopulmonary resuscitation
Techniques or CPR and be trained to handle all situations
Some paramedics are trained to respond to what is called mass casualty incidents
These emergencies occur when there is a tragic events such as September 11 2001 attacks on the country and other emergencies like earthquakes
mudslides or floods
Paramedics can also be sent to emergency situations by citizens who call the 911 emergency phone number
one of the darkest days in American history was September 11 2001
This is a day that will live in infamy for most Americans
It was the most tragic day in the history of the country since December 7 1941
When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor?
September 11th was a day Muslim extremists hijacked four commercial airliners in an attempt to destroy the American spirit
by slamming those chits into four buildings
Three of the four Jets reached their targets while one was stopped by a group of everyday heroes who gave their lives for their country
in
the early morning hours on 9/11 American Airlines flight 11 slams to the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City a
few minutes later flight 175 also an American Airlines flight structured, South Tower
Both suicide attacks brought the towers down
panada immediately it took time for the extreme heat from the burning jet field to weaken the towers to their eventual collapse at
about the same time
American Airlines flight 77
Crashed into the Pentagon which is a government building in the country’s capital, Washington DC
The fourth flight United Airlines flight 93 was also headed for the capital city
most people think its target was either the Capitol building or the White House the president’s home a
Group of brave passengers upon hearing the news of what has happened in the country
Decided to take down the giant airplane even though they knew they would not survive
They stormed the cockpit and took the controls from the hijackers the plane flew out of control crashing into a field in the state of
Pennsylvania where all passengers were killed?
In all more than three thousand Americans lost their lives on that day
But the American spirit was not suppressed those responsible for the attacks were quickly dealt with and the country soon began its journey to recovery
September 11 2001 a day America will never forget
America is known as the land of opportunity
Where one could achieve anything they put their mind to?
No matter who they are
Thousands of people immigrated to the United States every year from different parts of the world to have access to these kinds of opportunities
This is what is known as the American dream
One of the many reasons America is such a great country is a diversity you see all around
America is one big melting pot of citizens from different backgrounds
America is at home to many of the world’s top colleges and universities the
California Institute of Technology is a top world ranked college that focuses highly on science and engineering
It is located in the City of Pasadena
Harvard University is another top world ranked college that you might be familiar with
The buildings at Harvard date all the way back to the Year
1636
Making Harvard the oldest university in the United States
It is located in the state of Massachusetts
university of california los angeles is another institute worthy of recognition
Located next to hollywood
UCLA has distinguished itself as a prestigious and selective University due to the number of people who apply for admission throughout the United States
The universities mentioned are but a few of the many other excellent schools that make the United States so outstanding
America is also known for being at the forefront of freedom and equality
Although our history may be contradictory to these ideals we have progressed and now live in the land of equal opportunity
Whether you wish to become a doctor a lawyer or a librarian
America is the best place to be had to achieve these dreams
The fourth of July is the United States celebration of its independence from England is a
Day the Declaration of Independence was adopted by the new country’s forefathers and is a national holiday
It has been celebrated every year since 1776
Americans hold this day as one of the most revered holidays in the country
Independence Day celebrations include fireworks shows that are held by various organizations
Throughout the country the shows are held at stadiums recreational parks and private homes
Additionally many businesses have giveaways and special discounts for all residents on this day
The fireworks shows are best at stadiums where they attract a large number of people
This is a recent change in the way Americans celebrate the day in
the past most people brought their own fireworks from vendors who sell their goods and supermarket parking lots the
Reason many cities no longer allow the sales or use of fireworks is because of the fire hazards they pose
this is why large professional celebrations as stadiums and parks have become popular in recent years of
Course many people still celebrate at home, though
There are some cities. Where sales and use of fireworks are still legal and many Americans take full advantage of this
Another fourth of July tradition is the backyard barbecue?
the holiday occurs in the middle of the summer and
Americans love to grill outdoors to avoid the heat inside the house
Hamburgers and hot dogs are the food of choice
But steaks are also prepared often. There is nothing better than a great American meal and a cold drink celebrating the fourth of July
It is a popular holiday, and it is one that has great meaning to most Americans
The United States government is composed of three major sections
It is based on the Constitution of the United States of America that was put into effect in May
1789
The three parts of the US government are the executive legislative and judicial branches?
Each branch works independent of the other two and each has its own responsibilities
This system is in place to ensure that no branch can carry more power than the other
This is called separation of powers which was written into the Constitution
The executive branch is the branch that most Americans are familiar with
It includes the President of the United States the vice president and the cabinet
The president is the leader of the country and is the commander-in-chief two of the US military
The Vice President is second-in-command and will act as a president if the president dies resigns, or is removed from office
The cabinet acts as agents of the u.s.. President and carry out the duties they are interested with
the legislative branch of the government consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate
together they form the con which can levy and collect taxes mint money and establish federal courts
It can also declare war and raise and support the Army Navy and Air Force to protect the country
The House of Representatives has 435 members and the Senate consists of 100 senators
with two from each of the states
Any legislation or new law must be approved by both the House of Representatives and the Senate
The judicial branch is interested to apply the laws created by the legislative branch of the government
It has the power to create lower courts under the Supreme Court of the United States
It works closely with state courts although. They are separate
Christmas observed on December 25th is a Christian holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ
Christians of different denominations go to church on Christmas
Many Catholics go to midnight mass in the United States
However the holiday has a much more secular tone and is celebrated throughout the country
many people
regardless of their religion put up and decorated Christmas tree
The tree can be a real evergreen or it can be artificial tree
Lights strings tinsel and even popcorn can be used to decorate a Christmas tree on
The top of the tree is a star or an angel
The decorations are usually red and green
The purpose of a Christmas tree is to have a central location to place gifts
According to legend a jolly fat man with a beard named Santa Claus leaves presents under the tree
Children in the u.s.. Often write lists of things they want Santa to bring them
Many parents bring their children to shopping malls across the country to tell a man dressed as Santa what they want
These children are often also photographed with the mall Santa as a keepsake
on Christmas Eve many children leave milk and cookies for Santa of
Course it is the parents that buy the gifts from the wish lists and even eat the cookies and drink the milk
On Christmas Day children usually wake up early and run to the tree, so they can see what Santa brought them
Adults can also exchange gifts this time
People don’t just decorate a tree at Christmas
Many also elaborately decorate their homes with lights
Some of the displays are even synchronized to Christmas songs called carols
Originally these songs were religious, but now they are about the spirit of the season
New Year’s Day officially begins as soon as people yell Happy New Year at midnight
Most people continue partying well after midnight into the wee hours of the first day of the new year in
fact many New Year’s parties include breakfast or brunch
Sometimes at the stroke of midnight there will be fireworks and couples often kiss
one of the most famous New Year’s celebrations takes place in New York City’s Times Square
Where a huge cut crystal ball drops at midnight in front of millions of people standing in the cold
many more millions watch on television
some groups call polar bear clubs
Jump into the cold ocean water on New Year’s Day as a literal way to start the new year fresh
New Year’s Day January 1st is a national holiday in the United States this means that schools
Banks government offices and post offices are closed
Given how much people tend to drink alcohol New Year’s Eve many people wake up on New Year’s Day with a hangover
The national holiday is a good day to recover
Since many people go out partying with their friends on New Year’s Eve many people use New Year’s Day to visit family members
New Year’s Day is also when many people start on their New Year’s resolutions a
Resolution is a promise to change your lifestyle habit
The most common resolution is to lose weight
Many people also join gyms as part of their resolutions
On New Year’s Day there are also parades such as the Tournament of Roses Parade in Pasadena, California
Where all the floats are made of different colored roses and they compete for awards?
Many people also watch college and professional football games including the Rose Bowl, which is also held in Pasadena, California
The third Monday in January is an American federal holiday
Martin Luther King jr.. Day it falls near the birthday of the civil rights leader who was assassinated in
1968
King a minister became known for non violently protesting the treatment of
african-americans in the United States and the laws that discriminate against Blacks
specifically King protests segregation that separated blacks and whites in public restrooms public pools public schools on
buses and at restaurants
King led many marches in the United States
Especially in the south where segregation was especially practiced and enforced and in Washington DC
His march on Washington, DC was perhaps the most famous one or he gave the I have a dream speech
on
Martin Luther King jr. Day
federal state and local offices are closed including public schools and post offices on
The holiday many people participate in marches and vigils remembering dr. King
others use a day as a day of service and volunteer in their community by cleaning up garbage in a local park or
Serving food to the homeless
However the holiday was controversial
Some states didn’t wanted honor dr. King and tried to rename the holiday or combine the day with another holiday
Only two other people have a u.s.. National holiday Christopher Columbus and George, Washington
Martin Luther King jr. Day became a holiday in 1983 after pressure from civil rights activists and marches
similar to the ones King used to lead
Efforts to create a king holiday began the same year King was killed the first state to recognize King Day as a holiday was, Illinois
The last day to recognize the holiday was, Arizona
Valentine’s Day February 14th is a holiday that celebrates love and friendship in the United States
Most people think of it as a romantic day to show the one you love how much you care by purchasing cards and gifts
Valentine’s Day is also an extremely commercial holiday
people spend money on flowers balloons
chocolate stuffed animals and jewelry
People also go out for expensive dinners
Valentine’s Day is even celebrated by schoolchildren who give thank-you cards to their teachers
Some high schools have Valentine’s Day dances
Classmates give each other little cards these cards can be purchased at any store with famous cartoon characters
It is considered much more thoughtful to have kids make handmade cards to give to their friends and teachers
Valentine’s Day is also a great day to announce your love to someone like a secret crush
Some people even get married on Valentine’s Day
However, you don’t have to be in love to share in the festivities
You can say happy Valentine’s Day to friends and coworkers
Valentine’s Day is not an official holiday though in the u.s.. Meaning government offices and schools are open as usual
The date used to be the celebration of a saint named Valentine who allegedly saved a young girl’s life
It wasn’t until the Middle Ages that romance somehow got mixed in with a date and lovers would send each other handwritten love notes
Back, then you couldn’t just go to the store and buy a card the way you can now
you know Valentine’s Day is around the corner when stores begin to decorate with red and pink hearts and the symbol of Cupid a
Winged ancient Roman God said to strike the hearts of people with his arrow
Now it seems Cupid goes straight after your wallet because you will also see many more jewelry ads as Valentine’s Day approaches
St. Patrick’s Day March 17th is a Christian religious holiday that celebrates the patron saint of Ireland
According to the legend Saint Patrick drove all the snakes out of Ireland
Saint Patrick’s Day has also become especially in the United States a day to celebrate Irish culture in
Major cities across the country like in New York and Boston there are parades and festivals
People were green and decorate with shamrocks a type of three leaf clover
Some people were button or t-shirts that say kiss me. I’m Irish in
The u.s.. St. Patrick’s Day is not a legal holiday meaning government offices and schools are open
the biggest and oldest parade takes place in New York City
It actually began about 250 years ago before the US was even its own country
Every year thousands gather along the famous Fifth Avenue to watch hundreds of Irish step dancer. Z’ and backed by players March
Irish step-dancing is done in groups or solo
Dancers perform complicated moves with their feet and legs while keeping their upper body stiff
The parade has also been a source of controversy because the parade is associated with the Catholic Church in New York City
Gay and lesbian organizations have not been allowed to march
Many people protest the parade or boycott it
St. Patrick’s Day has also become associated with drinking a lot of alcohol
specifically beer
One drink that is often seen around the holiday is green beer. This is really just regular beer with green food coloring
Many people feel like the holiday celebrates stereotypes about the Irish like the myth that they all like to drink and get drunk
Others complain that the holiday has become too focused on drinking with public drunkenness as a problem in major cities around the holiday
Passover is a Jewish holiday her members and celebrates the liberation from ancient Egyptian slavery as described in the Old Testament of the Bible
It is traditionally celebrated in the spring and lasts about a week
According to the story in the Bible God punished ancient Egypt with ten plagues the last plague killed Egyptian firstborn males
Jewish people were told to mark their doors with the lambs blood
So that God would know to pass over these houses and not kill any firstborn males inside
This is where the name of the holiday Passover comes from
After this last plague the Egyptian King knows as the Pharaoh agreed to release the ancient Jews from bondage
The Bible story also says that the Jewish people left their homes in such a rush after they were freed
That they didn’t have time to wait for the bread to rise
This is why the commemorative Passover meal Jewish people eat matzah bread without yeast
Also known as unleavened
The matzo and other foods are eaten at a special meal called a cedar
These are very specific rituals that happen at the cedar meal
These rituals are all in book called the Hagaddah
Inside the Haggadah is also the story of the jewish exodus from Egypt
During the cedar meals parts of the Haggadah are read aloud the first part of the meal is a blessing over wine
The second part of the meal is washing of the hands
The third part of the meal is when someone dips some sort of vegetable in salt water and then eats the vegetable
the vegetable symbolizes the humble origins of the Jewish people
The water symbolizes their tears the fourth part of the meal is when three pieces of matzah are broken
Easter is a Christian holiday that celebrates the resurrection of the death of Jesus Christ as told in the Bible
Christians are found in church on Easter
Some Christians participate in an Easter Vigil or nighttime, Mass
sometimes held by candlelight
Easter is never on a set date
It is observed on a Sunday between the end of March and the end of April
The exact date is calculated based on a different calendar
Many public schools in the US have a week-long vacation around Easter time
Sometimes this break is called Easter or Spring Break in
The United States Easter is also celebrated as a secular holiday
It is associated with the beginning of spring and symbolized by bunnies flowers and dyed eggs
Many children in the u.s.. Believe in a fictional character called the Easter Bunny
According to the myth the Easter Bunny leaves baskets full of candy for children
Sometimes these baskets are hidden and the children have to find them on Easter Sunday morning
Candy that is usually inside underneath a basket can include chocolate in the shape of bunnies or chicks jellybeans and marshmallows
Another activity associated with Easter is an Easter egg hunt
According to popular mythology the Easter Bunny hides painted eggs and children needs to find them
While real eggs used to be used now. It is common to use plastic eggs filled with candy
There are usually public Easter egg hunts in park across the country
the White House even hosts an Easter egg hunt
Another Easter tradition associated with Easter is dying real eggs and different usually pastel colors like bright pink
blue and yellow in
New York City people take to Fifth Avenue to participate in the Easter Parade
The Easter Parade isn’t a parade with marching bands and floats
People walk up and down Fifth Avenue showing off elaborately decorated hats or Easter bunnies
Mother’s Day is a holiday that celebrates and honors mothers in the United States
It is celebrated on the second Sunday in May
It became an official holiday in the country at the start of the 20th century as a way to honor mothers
Whose sons had died in war?
The holiday is celebrated in a number of ways
people give mothers gifts like flowers cards and jewelry to thank them for all their hard work a
popular symbol of the holiday is the carnation
This is because when the holiday first began in the US people were encouraged to wear a red carnation
If their mother was alive or a white carnation if their mother was that
Many people take their mothers out for a special meal in
Fact Mother’s Day is most popular day in the US for people to go out and eat
And it is estimated that people spend billions on meals and gifts
Mother’s Day is also the most popular day to make long-distance calls in the US
It is the second most popular gift-giving day after Christmas
Since his establishment
Mother’s Day has been criticized for becoming highly commercialized in fact the founder of the u.s.
Holiday Anna Jarvis began protesting the holiday and was even arrested for disturbing the peace for demonstrating
Jarvis’s own mother started the campaign to establish in Mother’s holiday during the American Civil War
Mothers are not the only people celebrated on this day all mother figures including grandmothers
great-grandmother’s
Stepmothers and foster mothers are honored on the holiday in
schools many student make special gifts including handmade cards
While widely-recognized mother’s day is not a federal holiday
Many other countries around the world have their own versions of Mother’s Day
Father’s Day is a holiday observed in the United States to honor fathers fatherhood and other parental figures like grandfather’s
stepfathers and uncles
It is observed on a third Sunday in June in
the early 20th century
there was a mining accident in West Virginia that killed almost 400 men a
Push for a day to remember the men killed who were mostly husbands and fathers was a start of a push for a national holiday
This was in 1908 it wasn’t until 1972 however that Father’s Day was recognized by law as a national holiday
This is due in part to the fact that people were resistant to what they saw as another
Overly intended holiday meant to just make people spend money
It wasn’t seen as a way to remember the dead or to honor living fathers and father figures
People weren’t entirely wrong
Organizations representing men’s clothing manufacturers putting a lot of money for the holiday to become popular
Like Mother’s Day. It indeed is a holiday that has become highly commercialized
There are greeting cards to mark the day and stores advertised gifts for Dad
These gifts traditionally include electronics ties and tools in
schools children often make cards and other gifts
Father’s Day is not a federal holiday even though it is widely celebrated
Some of the ways Father’s Day is celebrated is with meals especially barbecues since the holiday falls at the beginning of the summer
Amore au lait is a United States holiday to remember the men and women who have died while serving in the Armed Forces
the Armed Forces include all branches of the US military
those branches are Army Navy Marines Air Force and Coast Guard
Memorial Day is a federal holiday, which means government offices banks post offices and schools are closed
Memorial Day is always observed on the last Monday of May
And Mario Day has its roots in u.s.. Civil War when a holiday Decker raishin day was established to honor both Union and Confederate
soldiers who died
On decoration day people used to decorate the graves of deceased soldiers with flags and flowers
The name Memorial Day became more widely used after World War two in the late 1940s
However the holiday was an officially called Memorial Day until in 1967
Memorial Day is commemorated by ceremonies in cemeteries across the country
The most well-known one is held in Arlington National Cemetery near, Washington DC
Arlington is a military cemetery
Meaning only military personnel are buried there
Volunteers place u.s.. Flags on military graves at Arlington and other national cemeteries
There are also parade in honor of fallen service people held in different towns and cities
Another Memorial Day tradition is flying the US flag at half-staff until noon meaning it is flown at half its normal height
This is considered a sign of mourning the flag is raised to its full height after noon as
A sign that the military will rise up despite the loss
There is also a National Memorial Day concert that takes place on the lawn of the US Capitol
Memorial Day is also known as the unofficial start of the summer season
Many beaches and pools open up for Memorial Day weekend many people also host barbecues on Memorial Day weekend
Labor Day observed on the first Monday of September it
Is a holiday meant to honor the contributions both economic and social of US workers
It has been an official federal holiday since 1894 meaning that government offices including post offices and schools are closed
It is also widely thought that Labor Day was created as an alternative holiday – Mayday
Mayday
Especially in the eighteen hundreds had become a protest day when workers marched to demand better rights and working conditions
There were often strikes that ended in violence
At the time the US government was afraid that Mayday was being led by communists and was having a bad influence on workers
Some people feel September was also chosen since there are no holidays between 4th of July and Thanksgiving in November
On Labor Day there are usually parades in major cities around the country
Politicians and labor leaders make speeches and hold press conferences Labor Day is also considered the unofficial end of summer
Many people celebrate Labor date with trips to beaches picnics and barbecues
Many towns and cities host fireworks on this day
Many people also take their last summer vacations around this time
Labor Day is also the beginning of the professional and college football season in the u.s.
Labor Day has also become an important retail holiday
Many stores have Labor Day sales to coincide with the start of the school year for many children in the US
This means that many store workers while other holiday is being celebrated have to work long hours
Columbus Day is observed on the second Monday of October in the United States and in some other countries around the world
For a long time it was observed on a specific date
October 12th it
Is named after Christopher Columbus the Italian sailor who led three Spanish ships to claim new lands in
1492
There is even a child’s poem remembering the date. It reads in
1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue
Some people say Columbus discovered, North America although not everyone agrees with this interpretation
For example Columbus never landed in North America proper. He only got as far as to the islands in the Caribbean see
Columbus Day has been a federal holiday since 1937
Government offices schools and post offices are closed
Many Italians take the day as a day to celebrate their own ethnic heritage since Columbus was born in Genoa Italy
Columbus is explorations however were conducted in the name of Spain major cities like New York City and San Francisco
hosts large parades
Some cities like New York City also hold a parade celebrating the Hispanic or Latino community
Not everyone thinks Christopher Columbus should be honored
Some states like South Dakota. Do not observe the holiday at all
Instead they call the day Native American day or indigenous peoples day
In Hawaii the holiday is also known as landing day or discoverers day
This is because European arrival in North America meant the loss of land and the lives were many Native people
Many people hold protests or vigils
On this day to remember the Native Americans that were killed or enslaved as a result of the European arrival
Another name for the holiday is dia de la raza, which translate into English as a day of the race
Halloween is on October 31st
It is also called All Hallows Eve or All Saints Eve
This is because according to some the holiday has its roots in a Christian holiday that remembers the dead
Others say the holiday has its roots in the ancient harvest season traditions of Ireland in
The US though the focus is less on memories of the dearly departed or agriculture
It is about kids dressing up in scary costumes and going door to door asking for candy
This is called trick-or-treating when children knock on the door of a house or ring the doorbell. They usually say Trick or Treat the
Trick part is a fake threat signaling that the kids will commit a prank if they aren’t given something delicious
Homeowners then give the children candy raisins or some other food treat
Many homeowners decorate their houses to prepare for the holiday and let kids know that they are participating and can ring the doorbell for candy
traditional decorations often include jack-o’-lanterns, which are pumpkins with faces carved into them and candles inside
Cheka lanterns were thought to scare away evil spirits when Halloween was first celebrated among the ancient Christians
Also turnips not pumpkins were originally used people often decorate using colors black and orange
Halloween is not just for kids
Adults get in on the fun by attending costume parties. There are often contests who has the best costume
There are also games bobbing for apples where people have to get an apple using only their teeth from a large bucket of water
Other people celebrate by scaring themselves by going to haunted houses
Homes where people dressed up as ghosts zombies and werewolves and jump out to frighten guests
people also tell scary stories watch horror movies
Veterans Day is an official United States holiday observed on November 11th every year
While Memorial Day remembers those who have died while serving in any other branches of the US Armed Forces?
Army Navy Marines and Coast Guard Veterans Day honors all members of the Armed Forces
especially the living as a US federal holiday the government offices and schools are closed and
Most people have the day off from work
Banks are also closed if November 11 the falls on a Sunday, then the holiday is observed on the following Monday
The holiday was first observed after World War one which ended on November 11th 1918
It was called Armistice Day, then and was more about celebrating the absence of war and honoring those that served in that one war
It didn’t become known as Veterans Day until 1954 after World War two and the Korean War
Where there were many more members of the Armed Forces?
Many restaurants offer free meals to veterans on the date
There is always a special ceremony at Arlington National Military Cemetery in Washington DC this
ceremony involves a wreath being placed over the grave of the Unknown Soldier
Many major cities also hold parades on this date
The US flag is usually flown at half-mast as a remembrance to those soldiers who have died and many ceremonies
observe a moment of silence for the same reason in
Canada the holiday is called Remembrance Day
One symbol of the day is the poppy flower?
The red poppy flower is said to represent or be a symbol of the blood of the soldiers
Many people were or give out poppy flowers on the day
Hanukkah which can also be spelled as Hanukkah is an eight-day Jewish holiday it
Is known as the festival of lights which celebrates the dedication of ancient Jewish Temple in Jerusalem?
thousands of years ago
According to the Hebrew or Jewish Bible a miracle took place then a one day supply of oil miraculously lasted eight days
the dates of Hanukkah always change, but usually occur anywhere in late November to late December the
Main way people observe the holiday
By lighting a candle on the candelabra a special candle holder with space for nine candles on each of the eight nights
The candelabra is called a menorah
Now there are also electric menorahs some people use oil lamps
The ninth candle space is really higher than those on the others and is late on every night
This ninth candle is there so that people can see the other candles. They are lighting
So two lights are lit on the first night three on the second and so on
Some families have the head of the household light the candles other families share the responsibility
The menorah is supposed to be places somewhere visible like in a window facing the street
The candles are supposed to stay lit for at least 30 minutes after it gets dark
There are also special prayers people say an holy song sung when the candles are lit
Schools and government offices are open for Hanukkah since the observances happen at night
some families exchange gifts on each night of the holiday
Some foods traditionally eaten a Hanukkah include latkes fried potato pancakes and donuts
These and other fried foods are eaten because they are cooked in oil and remind people of the oil that lasted for eight nights
Children played with a special four-sided spinning top called a dreidel
Thanksgiving is a holiday celebrated by many people in the United States and Canada in the United States
It is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November and marks a start of the Christmas season
Some people celebrate Thanksgiving to remember the first harvest of the Pilgrims and Puritans
groups of people from England who emigrated to North America in the sixteen hundreds
Some people recreate the first Thanksgiving and dress up as Pilgrims
Puritans and the Native Americans who are said to have helped the new arrivals find food to survive the first winter
Most people however see Thanksgiving as one day a year to reflect upon what they are thankful for
some families will sit together and take turns saying aloud what they are thankful for an
Important part of Thanksgiving is families coming together
Extended family members often travel long distances to share the day with their loved ones in the United States
Thanksgiving is the busiest travel day of the year?
People travel in planes trains buses and cars to share a very special meal
Thanksgiving dinner
Well most Thanksgiving celebrations have in common is the food?
On Thanksgiving many families prepare large elaborate dinners to share with friends and loved ones
Many of these dinners use ingredients
associated with the fall harvest like cranberries potatoes sweet potatoes
corn and cranberries
Roast Ricki is a traditional meat served. It is so common that some people call Thanksgiving Day turkey day
The turkey is usually served with gravy and stuffing
Pies are usually served for dessert the most common pie serd are sweet potato apple pecan and pumpkin
Thanksgiving and nosh is celebrated in the privacy of people’s homes
Every year the President of the United States pardons a turkey saving it from becoming someone’s meal in New York City
Macy’s a department store holds a large parade with huge balloons of various cartoon characters floating down the street in
the United States 43 states, Washington, DC, Porto Rico and the US Virgin Islands all have their own lottery a
Lottery is used for states to raise money
Licensed stores sell numbered tickets or people can pay to choose their own numbers when you let a machine pick your numbers
It is usually called a quick pick many people play lucky numbers
numbers associated with birth dates or other important numbers to them
The money earned from setting lottery tickets goes to pay for schools roads bridges and other public services
Once a week or more a drawing is held where the numbers are randomly picked if your ticket has those numbers
You could win a cash prize
There are different types of lotteries such as Powerball Mega Millions and Lotto
Powerball and Mega Millions are known for their large payouts
There are also instant lottery tickets that are scratch off cards
The winnings sent to be less money, but they are extremely popular in
the United States you can play the lottery or buy a ticket if you are 18 years or older if
you win usually you have the option of being paid the entire amount in one lump sum
or of being paid smaller mouths over a number of years
Lottery winnings are taxable meaning the amount you actually get is smaller than the jackpot number
People can buy lottery tickets or play the lottery at many convenience stores
Lotteries are also very popular since they advertise
There are many television commercials radio commercials and billboards
urging people to play
Lotteries have been controversial since they are essentially a form of legalized gambling
There is concern that it can lead to people becoming addicted to gambling
There are also illegal lottery games usually run by some form of organized crime
Some of the most majestic landscape views in California are the great, California redwood and sequoia trees
These trees can be seen up close at Sequoia National Park in the southern, Sierra, Nevada mountain range east of the city of Visalia
this Central
California region boasts more than 400,000 acres of natural beauty as uniquely Californian
The park is known as the land of the giants because of its beautiful trees
the landscape features great mountains
Foothills deep canyons a large cavern system and of course the world’s largest trees
the park sits side-by-side with Kings Canyon National Park in the stunning, San Joaquin Valley
Sequoia National Park was officially established as a national park in the 1890s
It features 14 camp sites that include picnic tables fire rings for outdoor cooking and food storage boxes
It is a great place for a family vacation with many of its campsites opening year-round
But most of the popular attractions are its forests
The ancient trees are some of the oldest living organisms on earth and draw millions of visitors worldwide
redwood trees can reach heights of more than
375 feet they are also closely related to the giant sequoia trees and are often mistaken for each other
They both are uniquely Californian as they do not grow naturally in any other region in the world
Redwood trees live up to 2000 years and have branches that grow up to five feet in diameter
its bark can grow up to twelve inches thick the giant sequoia trees can live up to an astonishing 3,000 years and
Ranches up to eight feet in diameter
Its bark can grow to an amazing thickness of three feet both trees have dark brown bark and look very similar
But the Redwood thrives in coastal climate while the Sequoia exists in a more mountainous area in either case they are a must-see
California attraction
There are many law enforcement agencies in the United States and especially in California some of the largest agencies in Southern
California are the Los Angeles Police Department and the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department
Both of these police forces are some of the largest in the country
They handle a full range of police duties ranging from traffic citations to murder rape and robbery cases
There are also a number of smaller police agencies operating side-by-side with the LAPD and LA County Sheriff’s Department
Cities such as Monterey Park had their own police force while smaller cities depend on the Sheriff’s Department for their law enforcement needs
because of the unique nature of the state, California created the California Highway Patrol
The CHP as it is usually called is a police agency that is entrusted with patrolling the vast number of freeway mouths that exist in
California
The state was built during a time of great mobility after the advent of the personal vehicle
Because of this the state has more freeway mouths than any other state in the United States with the exception of Texas
However, California has the most licensed drivers and by far the most registered vehicles this made it necessary to create a police force
dedicated to its highways
CHP officers are endowed with the same powers other police officers have
However, they do not have crime investigation team for any offense other than traffic related crimes
Whenever the CHP first responds to a crime that is not traffic related its officers perform
The same duties as a regular officer does
It then turns investigations over to the LAPD or Sheriff’s Office depending on the location of the crime
The CHP has a long and storied history
Many young Californians both male and female are attracted to the CHP and enroll into its Academy in Sacramento the state’s capital
One of the most beautiful and recognizable, California landmarks is the Golden Gate Bridge in the city of San Francisco
The bridge Spencer, San Francisco Bay and is part of a network of five main bridges that cross the bay in the San
francisco-oakland area the region with its bay has one of the most breathtaking views in the world and
Part of which is a historic Golden Gate Bridge
It were has the most iconic and recognizable land park in the entire United States
construction on their bridge began in 1933 while the country was deeply mired in the Great Depression
Many people think the bridge was in large part responsible for the country’s economic recovery because of the number of workers employed
The material used to build a bridge also contributed to the manufacturing distribution and transportation the bridge connects
San Francisco to the San Francisco, Peninsula in Marin County through both, California State Route 1 and nearest Route 101
Before the bridge was built the only way to get from one location to the other was to go around the bay
or to take a ferry across
construction of the bridge was controversial at the time
Many thought the project was simply too complex expensive and dangerous to build
The construction plan approved concentrated on safety for the workers who would be involved in the construction, and it worked well until February 17th
1937
Remarkably only one worker had died up to that date
But on that date a scaffolding collapsed killing ten men in the tragic accident
The bridge was completed later that year and has been in use ever since it is one of California’s great
Landmarks with people from all over the world drawn to see it
One of the most historic and significant landmarks in the United States is a San Francisco cable car system
It is the world’s only manually operated cable car system
It is run by the San Francisco municipal transportation agency
the system dates back to 1878
when the California Street Line first opened in
All there are three lines currently operating in the city and boasts a fleet of 12 cable cars
There used to be 23 lines and used throughout the city connecting the diverse communities that make up, San Francisco
The open-air cars are a major tourist attraction and are still used by San Francisco commuters on a daily basis
The simple recent cable cars were first used in the city was because of its landscape
San Francisco is very hilly which makes it impossible for municipal buses to scale
The solution for this problem was the cable car
These cars are literally pulled by a cable up and down the steep hills of the city
Making it easier for people to get from one another city to the other
There are two types of cars in use today
single-ended cars and double-ended cars
The single-ended cars have open sited sections with seats that face outward to the street
The rear section of these cars is enclosed with seats facing the interior of the car
These cars seat 29 passengers
They travel in both directions by using a suitable base turntable that turns the car at the end of the line
The double-ended cars are a bit larger and can hold up to 68 passengers
It has 34 seats and grips for an additional 34 standing passengers
The best feature of these cars is the pure fun. They are to ride
People who ride the San Francisco cable cars are stepping into a part of California’s history
Car chases in the Los Angeles area are a fairly regular occurrence in
2013 there were over 700 car chases car chases also have become a source of entertainment
Many car chases are captured on video and broadcast live as they are happening
No one has to wait until the six o’clock news comes on anymore to find out what happened
People can tune into their local broadcast television station and see it happening in real time
These car chases are often captured with the help of the news channel helicopter the helicopter follows and films a chase through the streets
Reporting what streets the cars are passing through
People like watching car chases for many reasons. They are intense and filled with drama a viewer never knows
What will happen next will the driver give up easily?
Does a driver have a weapon will the driver get into an accident while someone crossing the street get hit?
Tune in to find out many channels see their rating soar when their air car chases. They are just giving the people what they want
Police are not always happy with the media covering car chases live on the air
Police worry that people are trying to escape enjoy the attention
Police field that broadcasting car chases encourages people to escape
Police also worried that the attention brings innocent bystandard to the street
Someone could get hurt
The medians is they have the right to show car chases they feel. They are informing the public
car chases happened for many reasons
Sometimes police will chase someone who stole a car other times the police may try to do a routine traffic stop
However the driver with the broken taillight may have a warrant for arrest
so off he drives
In Los Angeles places associated with death are often popular
One such popular place is the department of medical examiner coroner?
When someone dies and the cause of death is undetermined, or suspicious the body is brought here for examination?
It is the coroner’s jobs independent time cause and manner of death
Sometimes the coroner would have to perform an autopsy
Which is like an operation on a dead body to try to figure out how the person died?
One of the reasons the LA coroner’s office is so popular is because the number of famous people who have been examined there
Some of those people include Marilyn Monroe Robert F. Kennedy Michael Jackson and Whitney Houston
The Los Angeles coroner’s office is also so popular that there is even a gift shop where visitors can buy items like shirts
Caps and mugs with the coroner’s logo on them
One t-shirt people can buy even says our bodies of work speak for themselves
They even sell beach towels with body outlines the store is opened five days a week
They also have a website and a paper catalog for those who are not close enough to visit
The coroner’s office claims the purpose of the store is tell people how fragile life is and to create awareness and responsibility towards one’s actions
Some people feel that having a store in the same place where the dead people are is
Disrespectful there have been a number of television shows about the LA coroner’s office some of these are reality TV shows featuring
What workers really do there an example is called death detectives other shows are fictional like Quincy me?
The Emmy stands for medical examiner the person who performs the autopsies
On one of New York City’s most famous avenues Fifth Avenue is Museum Mile
Museum mal is a 23 block stretch that holds some of the most famous museums in the world
Museum Mile begins at 85th Street and Fifth Avenue with the massive Metropolitan Museum of Art
inside is thousands of years worth of art and artifacts a
visitor can miss an entire Egyptian tomb sit in a japanese-style garden view renaissance paintings and
Ancient Greek and Roman sculptures. There is even a gallery featuring musical instruments in the summer
There is a rooftop garden where there are spectacular views of the city especially of Central Park
The Guggenheim on 88th Street and Fifth Avenue looks a little bit like a snail shell from the outside
When that opened in 1950s the swirling architecture designed by Frank Lloyd Wright was thought to be ugly by many
This museum focuses on modern art
But sometimes feature special exhibits like one they had a few years ago of the ancient Mexican ruins
The National Academy Museum of school and Fine Arts on 91st Street and Fifth Avenue is the city’s oldest art school
Dating back to the 1825
the Jewish Museum on 93rd Street and Fifth Avenue tells 4000 years worth of Jewish history
Up ten blocks on a hundred and third Street and Fifth Avenue is the Museum of the City of New York?
Showcasing the history of the Big Apple from its colonial start
One block up on 104 Street and Fifth Avenue is a moose a little barrio
This museum started as a space to reflect the city’s large Puerto Rican migrant community now
It features exhibits focusing on art from all over Latin America
Across the Avenue is a Central Park Conservatory Garden
With a fountain that has a sculpture of three dancing life-size women
The Empire State Building, maybe the most famous building in New York City
It is called the Empire State Building because New York State is called the Empire State it
is
1,454 feet tall many people think it is a tallest building in the world this was true when it was built in 1931 in
1970 when the World Trade Center was built that became the tallest building
Now the Empire State Building is the fourth tallest building in the US and the 23rd tallest in the world
Inside the building is mostly occupied by offices and stores
People can go to the top of the building where there is an observation deck
From the top there are beautiful views of New York City especially at night
Most people take one of the 73 elevators to the top it takes less than one minute by elevator to get to the 80th floor
That is where there is a gift shop some people walk
1860 steps to the top
Every year there is even a race with people competing to see who can walk up to the top the fastest
The landmark is not famous because of its height in
1945 a small plane crashed into it more than 30 people have tried to kill themselves by jumping off the building in
1933 it was featured in the movie King Kong
Rey giant gorilla climbs to the top and falls to his death after being attacked by airplanes
the building was also in the movie Sleepless in Seattle with Tom Hanks
At night the top of the Empire State Building is lit up in different colors
It is red and green on Christmas red for the Lunar New Year and blue for Hanukkah on
The 4th of July it is red, white and blue
Most people don’t know the full name, but the Statue of Liberty is the Statue of Liberty enlightening the world?
She is a symbol of freedom especially for many immigrants
When many immigrants came to the United States in the late 1800s Lady Liberty in New York Harbor?
Was a sign to tell them that they had made it to America
inside the base of the Statue
There is a plaque with a famous poem written on it the poem is a new Colossus by Emma Lazarus
Many immigrants feel that this poem speaks to them and the reasons they came to the America
One line of the poem is give me your tired your poor your huddled masses yearning to breathe free
Lady Liberty was not always green she used to be copper colored, but the years have caused a copper to change color
151 foot tall sculpture was a hundred birthday gift from France to the United States in 1886 it is located on Liberty Island
right off of the southern tip of Manhattan, New York City
The only way to get there is to take a ferry inside the base of the statue is a museum
To get to the crown people have to climb
377 steps up a double spiral staircase from the feet of the statue
There is no elevator
People need to be in good shape to climb to the top
People used to be able to climb up to the torture lead section, but it was shut down because it was dangerous
It was easy to fall off
about 4 million people visit the Statue of Liberty every year
People who can go to New York can see the replicas in Las Vegas and other parts of the world
Rockefeller Center is a complex of 19 buildings
It is named for a famous New York City business magnate
Named john d rockefeller who built the group of buildings from 1930 through 1939?
The most famous building in the complex is the General Electric building where NBC television studios are based?
It is smack in the middle of Manhattan New York City between 5th and 6th Avenue and between 48 and 54 streets
the address of the G building is 30, Rockefeller Plaza
That’s how the show 30 rock got its name
The show was filmed there Saturday Night Live a popular American late night. Show is also filmed there
Visitors can get tickets to see how a show is taped and can also tour the studios
Visitors to Rockefeller Center can visit the plaza which becomes an ice skating rink in the winter
Every year a huge Christmas tree is placed there and thousands of people attend a tree lighting ceremony
Which also features famous singers in the spring summer and fall?
The plaza becomes a cafe in the middle of the plaza is statue of the Greek god Prometheus
His myth states that he brought fire to the world
200 flags from all countries of the United Nations surround the plaza
Radio City Music Hall is another famous building in Rockefeller Center
Many musicians give the concerts here
But it is best known as the home of the Rockettes a dance company name for Rockefeller Center
They are famous for their kick lines and are best known for performing in the Radio City Christmas Spectacular an annual musical holiday stage show
Manhattan is a small island. That is one part of New York City
New York City the Big Apple
Is actually made up of five sections called boroughs?
These boroughs are Manhattan Queens
Brooklyn
Staten Island and
the Bronx
Manhattan has the most people of all the borough’s about 1.5 million
Even though it is a smallest borough by size if you send a letter to someone who lives on
Manhattan don’t write Manhattan on the envelope you should write, New York, New York
like the famous Frank Sinatra song
Because the island is so small
most people live and work in tall buildings
Some of these buildings are called
skyscrapers
Because it looks like they are touching the sky
some famous
skyscrapers in Manhattan are Empire State Building, Chrysler Building
70 Pine Street
Trump building
GE building and Citigroup Center
Manhattan is connected to other boroughs by a series of bridges and tunnels
The most famous bridge may be the Brooklyn Bridge because of its brick arches
the New York City subway a massive mass transit that mostly runs underground
also connects the island to the rest of the borough’s
Manhattan like the other boroughs has many different neighborhoods
Many of which are named for the ethnic communities that first lived there
some of these neighborhoods include Little Italy little
Germany
little Brazil
Chinatown and
Koreatown
one of the most famous parts of Manhattan is Times Square
Times Square is called the crossroads of the world
Every year millions of people gather there on New Year’s Eve
to watch an illuminated crystal ball drop
There are many theaters around Times Square
most of these theaters are on Broadway a
famous street
Considered the home of the American theatre industry
another famous Manhattan Street is Fifth Avenue a
part of the Avenue features expensive designer stores like Tiffany’s
Fifth Avenue is also famous for its Museum mile
For many years
gambling in the United States
Was legal only in the state of Nevada?
Nevada is a
Western state that is east of California
south of Oregon and Idaho
west of Utah and
north of Arizona
It is a desert state where little rain falls during the year. It is a little more than
275 miles from the city of Los Angeles
Which is where most of its visitors come from?
Driving from Los Angeles is about four hours
Las Vegas, which means the meadows in Spanish
Was established by the Mexicans in the mid 1800s?
Much of what is now the southwestern part of the United States
Was then part of the Mexican Empire?
The city was a railroad town
established in
1905 and
the first legal casinos appeared in
1931
Las Vegas is now a gambling town
Where people from all over the United States come to vacation?
It’s population is under 2 million making it a 30th largest city in the country
It’s original population in
1905 was only 5,000
Much of the city’s growth is due to the gambling industry
Many states have since legalized gambling
including, New Jersey and
California
But Las Vegas remains the number one tourist city for gamblers in the u.s.
Today
some of its largest and most beautiful hotels include
Bellagio
Flamingo
Caesars Palace
Treasure Island
Mandalay Bay and when
These hotels are on Las Vegas Boulevard
Which is commonly called the strip?
Was it’s nearly year-round sunshine
beautiful casinos and
variety of gaming options
Las Vegas remains the best location for gambling in the US
Mr.. Rogers neighborhood
Was one of the most successful and well-liked children’s show in the history of public television
public TV
differs from the more common commercial television in that
It is not funded by
advertising revenue
Public television is a network of television stations throughout the country
That is dedicated to bringing alternative programming to the people of the United States
Mr.. Rogers neighborhood ran from February
1968 through August
2001 and was hosted by the show’s namesake Fred Rogers
It was a half-hour children’s show that featured the popular Rogers as host it
Is often referred to as the mr.. Rogers show?
Rogers began his show in
1953 on a
PBS station in the northeast part of the country as the children’s corner
He performed as a puppeteer and it was aired on live television
There Rogers developed many of the characters that would become famous as a show progressed in
1967 his show went on national TV stage and
remained there until
2001
Roger style and calm demeanor made him an instant celebrity
Who was well liked by both children and adults in?
His early life
Roger studied to become a Presbyterian minister
But didn’t like how children’s programming was being presented
He began writing children’s songs and soon began his own local show on public television
During the next three decades
Rogers became a true American icon through his show
His great compassion
Morality and patience were possibly his most liked characteristics
Rogers was not only a great TV personality. He was also a human rights advocate
he received the Presidential Medal of Freedom as
Well as the Peabody Award for meritorious
public service
Rodgers was inducted into the television Hall of Fame and has received
approximately 40 honorary degrees
The Cinco de Mayo or
fifth of May is a
holiday
celebrating Mexican Independence Day in the United States
before 1776
much of the southern and western states such as Texas
New, Mexico, Colorado
Nevada
Arizona and California were part of Mexico
Following the war between the u.s.. And Mexico
In the 1800s these states became part of the United States
But there still remained a very large Mexican
population
The Latino population is the largest?
single ethnic group in the country
it accounts for
17 percent of the
nation’s population and
63% of those Latinos are of Mexican origin
The Cinco de Mayo is a large celebration in the country’s southwest region it
celebrates the Mexican victory and the Battle of Puebla
against France on May 5th
1862
Curiously the day is celebrated more in the United States than it is in Mexico itself in
Los Angeles
the City celebrates the event with the Fiesta Broadway
Which is the largest Cinco de Mayo celebration in the world?
More than half a million people
Come to downtown LA to participate in the street fair that covers 24 square blocks
the celebration takes place on the last Sunday of April
There are rides games and especially food at this celebration, and it is growing every year
Los Angeles is not the only Southland city to host Cinco de Mayo celebrations
the cities of Corona
West Los Angeles and commerce also have events and the famous alvera Street celebration in
downtown LA is
also very popular
one of the most unique Cinco de Mayo events takes place in Hancock Park District
of Los Angeles
It is called the single, DeMaio
This celebration is an annual charity event that began in
1999 it is a private party that benefits the homeless by providing shelter and support
Cinco de Mayo is a truly American
celebration
on
December 7th
1941 the United States of America was attacked by the Imperial Japanese Navy at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
The surprise attack was intended to destroy the American Pacific Fleet
that stood in the way of Japan’s complete domination of the Pacific Ocean during the
1940s
The attack was coordinated with attacks in the Philippines
Malaya Singapore and Hong Kong
Pearl Harbor was attacked by more than
350 Japanese airplane fighters bombers and torpedo planes that were launched from six aircraft carriers the
Early morning attack sank four u.s.. Battleships and
four more were heavily damaged
six of the eight battleships were restored and
returned to service
But the Japanese also destroyed or damaged three cruisers
three destroyers a mine layer and an anti-aircraft training ship in
addition
188 US aircraft were destroyed with many of them on the ground
The attack was devastating it took the u.s.. Years to recover from all the damage caused on that fateful morning
however
The Japanese were unable to destroy their main targets the Navy’s aircraft carriers
By what some call a stroke of luck?
The US carrier fleet was out to sea at the time of the attack
The country was in shock at the news of the disaster
US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt called the attack cowardly and
Declared seventh as a day that will live in infamy
on
December 8 the United States formally declared war on Japan
This plummeted the country into world war ii which roosevelt had long hoped to avoid
soon after the United States declaration war against Japan
Germany which was a Japanese ally declared war on the US and the country was now fully
Involved in the greatest war in the history of the world
America is one of the most diversified countries in the world
It is comprised of many different cultures from Latin America Europe
Asia and
Africa
it is truly a melting pot of diversity all these cultures have come together to create a new culture an
American culture many of the traditions customs
religions and
celebrations of these cultures have been adopted into American culture
including funeral traditions
Traditional American funerals are basic. They usually include some sort of religious ritual
Followed by a procession to the burial grounds and a small ceremony at the gravesite
But these vary depending on the culture at
Most American funerals the deceased person’s family sent out a death announcement called an obituary
These obits normally serve to pass information to others about the deceased and
the time and day of the funeral event
At the church service the deceased is usually eulogized by friends and family
this is where a person goes up to the front of the crowd to say a few things about the deceased and
how he or she
affected their life
the procession usually takes the form of a caravan of private cars and
Trucks that follow the hearse which contains the deceased coffin and remains
At the gravesite another small ritual takes place where the deceased is given a blessing from a member of the clergy
Friends and family are then allowed to say goodbye to the deceased
there is an American tradition of picking up a handful of soil and
tossing it on the coffin as a way of saying farewell to the deceased the
Family then gathers at a home or restaurant
With some of the attendees to have a meal and to exchange stories
before going on their way
most cultures in the US
Have adopted this traditional American funeral ritual
But many include features that are unique to their individual culture
one of the most significant dates in the history of the United States is
November 22nd
1963
That is the day President, John Fitzgerald Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas
Texas while riding in an open-air car
The president was visiting, Texas for the first time since his inauguration in January
1961
Kennedy was one of the most popular presidents in the history of the United States and still remained so today
his death shocked the nation for several reasons, but
Mostly because it was televised on live broadcasts
Kennedy was the first president to appear on television at a time when most Americans owned a TV
He was not the first president to be televised, but previous presidents who appear on TV
Did not reach the general public because before
1960 not many Americans owned a set
Kennedy was warned not to write in an open-air car that day by his bodyguards
But he wanted the public to see him live he did not want to be hidden behind an armored car
according to the official government Commission
Kennedy fell victim to a single assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, but many Americans
dispute that finding to the State
Police say Oswald shot the president from a building while Kennedy rode in his car with his wife
The mood was festive at the time as the city of Dallas welcomed the president to Texas
Kennedy was a handsome young president who was the youngest man ever to reach the presidency
Oswald later killed a Dallas police officer during his escaped from the crime scene
But was soon found hiding in a movie theater
He required police protection from an outraged public and was held in protective custody
Oswald who was a former member of the US military was unhappy with the president for his policies
But never admitted to being the assassin
conspiracy theories involving rival political parties
The Cuban government and organized crime have also been advanced as to who actually killed Kennedy
Generally people’s class is defined by how much money. They make in
The u.s.
Generally there are three classes
poor
middle class and rich
Some people also think there is another class in between poor and middle class called working-class
United States culture is based on the idea that people can move up the economic ladder and become middle class or even
Rich if they were born poor. This is the idea of going from rags to riches
Moving up the class ladder is not easy though
Moving up the class ladder is not easy though higher education needed to get a good-paying job is expensive
Class in the United States. It’s more than just how much money a person makes though
education what job a person has
Where they live and the culture all play a role in what class a person will be classified as?
For example a person with only a high school diploma and a low-paying service job may be considered a poor
or low-class
Or a person with a PhD who owns their own company would be considered a high-class or wealthy
anyway, this makes sense because
high-paying jobs usually require a high-level education
But for some people class is something you are born with
For example the children of billionaire Donald Trump were born rich and upper-class
Without having done anything to earn that status
Gender plays a role too, and how someone can move up the economic ladder
Women earn less than men do so it is harder for them to accumulate wealth
Race also plays a role in how much people earn and their ability to move up the economic ladder in
The United States most families require both the man and the woman to work in order to support the household
Rosa Parks is a prime example of how an ordinary American can change the world around her
She was born in
1913 in the southern state of Alabama
parks became famous for challenging a discriminatory
policy in the city of Montgomery, Alabama
during the
1950’s black Americans in the south were not allowed to ride in the front seats of public buses if a white person
Needed that seat
Blacks were expected to get out of their seats and go to the back of the bus which was designated as colored only on
December 1st
1955
Parks refused to obey the bus drivers order to surrender her seat to a white passenger who had boarded the bus
Even though Parks was seated in the colored only section
The bus was filled and she was required by law to give her seat to the white rider
Parks was arrested and charged with civil disobedience. She later said she had grown tired of giving in
Her rest and subsequent trial made parks a national symbol for the civil rights movement
Her arrest also led to the Montgomery bus boycott. That was a political and social protest campaign
against racial segregation
Although the boycott only lasted twenty-one days it was instrumental in the Supreme Court decision to declare
Alabama’s practice of segregation
unconstitutional
Parks has remained a symbol for the civil rights movement even after her death in
2005 at the age of 92
She has been called the first lady of civil rights by the United States
Congress and the mother of the freedom movement
she has been honored by the US government with prestigious awards such as the Presidential Medal of Freedom and
Congressional Gold Medal
she has been honored with her own Museum in Michigan and has received several other Civil Rights Awards both before and
after her death
Chicago is known as the Windy City
Some people think this is because of the breeze that blows almost constantly
The city is located in the state of Illinois on the shore of one of the Great, Lakes Lake, Michigan
Which is the fifth largest freshwater body in the world?
Chicago may also be called the Windy City
because of the wind tunnel effect
created in downtown by many tall buildings
Skyscrapers are an important part of Chicago’s history
The first skyscraper in the u.s.. Was built in the city in
1884 at only 10 stories it was impressive for its time the skyscraper was eventually demolished
Chicago is home of the other famous firsts. It was the birthplace of the refrigerated railcar
mail-order catalogs the car radio
the TV remote control the first ferris wheel
the first steel railroad the first
planetarium in the Western Hemisphere
Chicago is also home of the first blood bank and the first drive-in Bank
It is also the home to the Lincoln Park Zoo the oldest public zoo in the US
Maybe the Windy City should be called the city of firsts
Chicago is the third most populous city in the u.s.
after New York City and Los Angeles a
Little more than two and a half million people live in the city that has more than 100 neighborhoods
President Barack Obama used to live in Chicago
Nearly 40 million people visit Chicago every year many of them visit the Willis Tower
Formerly known as the Sears Tower. It is a tallest building in the Western Hemisphere
It takes only a minute to get up to the hundred and third floor Skydeck. Thanks to some of the fastest elevators in the world
From the Skydeck visitors can see four states
Indiana, Illinois
Michigan and wisk
Boston is the capital of Massachusetts it
Is the largest city in the new england state and is rich with history?
This is why over 12 million people visit the city every year in
His very old city founded in 1630 by English colonists fleeing religious persecution
The American Revolution when colonists known as Patriots fought for their independence from British
began in Boston with the Battle of Lexington
Other key events in the revolution occurred in the city
One was the Boston Massacre with British troops fired upon protesters killing five
the Boston Tea Party when colonists dumped an entire shipment of British tea into the harbor to protest taxes
was not a party at
Paul Revere’s midnight ride
Where he warned colonists of British troops approaching also happened in Boston
Many of these sites can be accessed by taking a walk down the Freedom Trail a
Red line of bricks embedded in the ground through the city
Boston is also a city of notable firsts
America’s first public school was founded in Boston in
1635
Boston Common were British troops kept during the American Revolution and
Were early colonists hang people is the oldest public park in the United States
Boston is also home to the oldest subway system in the United States
like many cities in the United States
immigrants played a large role in its development
Irish immigrants who settled in Boston for example
Played a large role in both local and national
politics
Boston also has a large active for the Rican community and
Italian community
President John F. Kennedy and his family have ties to Boston
Boston is also well known for many colleges and universities that surround it
Some of the most famous are Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Boston attracts more than 350,000 college students from around the world
The American Revolution was a war of independence
fought by those living in the 13 colonies of North America against Great Britain
Those living in the colonies were especially angry about taxes the British were forcing them to pay
People felt taxes were unfair because there was no colonial
representation in the British Parliament
one tax was the stamp tax
Which tax printed materials such as newspapers the colonists called this taxation without representation?
Colonists who wanted freedom from English rule were known as Patriots
Those who supported British rule were known as loyalists
before full-scale war broke out
There were many acts of protest by Patriots like the Boston Tea Party
when Bostonians boarded British ships and dumped
342 chests of tea into the harbor because of tea tax on
April 19 the first shots were fired in Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts
Which officially started the war?
Many people were involved in the struggle for independence
Benjamin Franklin Thomas
Jefferson and John Adams worked together to write the Declaration of Independence on July 4th
1776
Patriots declared themselves free
Most people know George, Washington was the first president of the United States
Before that he was the commander-in-chief of the Patriot army
most of the battles in the American Revolution were fought in the Northeast in places near Boston and New York
The British known as redcoats because of the red uniform jackets had help from German mercenary soldiers called
Hessians
Patriots had support from other Europeans
France entered the American Revolution on the side of the colonists in 1778
this helped force the British surrender at Yorktown Virginia in
1779
however fighting would not formally end until
1783
with the Treaty of Paris
When Great Britain recognized the United States as an independent nation?
The American Civil War happened from 1861
to 1865
The main cause was southern states feeling that the u.s.. Federal government in Washington DC
Should not have the power to tell them what to do
this was especially true about two issues taxes and
slavery
The southern economy was based on agriculture while the northern economy was based on manufacturing
Southern crops like cotton were sold to factories and then southerners had to pay taxes on the finished goods
Sold back to them like clothing
Many southerners felt this was unfair
additionally the agricultural economy in the south was reliant on the labor of enslaved Africans and
their descendants
Many people especially from the north felt this was wrong and that
Slavery needed to be abolished
southerners felt the
Abolitionists were threatening their way of life
seven southern slave states banded together
declared their secession and formed the Confederate States of America
The government in Washington, DC and its army was known as the Union since they were fighting to keep the country United
Abraham Lincoln was President of the United States during the Civil War
The president of the Confederate States was Jefferson Davis the first battle was the Battle of Fort Sumter
during the war
President Lincoln issued the Emancipation
Proclamation
Which declared the freedom of slaves in the Confederate States of America?
This action was supposed to show that Lincoln was still in charge of the entire United States
The Civil War was the bloodiest war fought inside of the United States
Six hundred and twenty thousand were killed and millions more were injured
one of the bloodiest battles of the Civil War was the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania
51 thousand people from both sides died more than in any other battle
the Civil War ended in 1865
One general robert e lee of the confederate army, surrendered
Fires are destructive. They also create changes in
1871 a fire burned most of Chicago to the ground
Many people think the fire was started when a cow knocked over a gas lamp
most of the city at the time was built of wood
This combined with the famous Chicago wins and a drought made the city burn down quickly
the fire lasted for three days
100,000 people were left homeless and at least 300 were killed
What was amazing was how quickly the city was rebuilt?
eventually becoming the third most populous city in the United States
the great Boston Fire of
1872
Created a property damage of seventy three point five million
More than any other fire in the US history
Most of downtown Boston and the financial district burned down in the fire that began in a warehouse basement
30 people died and
Thousands lost their jobs and their homes
However, the city was rebuilt in two years it began enforcing
building regulations because of the fire a
1911
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in New York City
Caused the fourth highest loss of life from an industrial accident in the US history
123 women and 23 men all
garment workers and mostly poor immigrants died from the fire smoke inhalation or
Falling or jumping to their deaths
Child labor was not uncommon the youngest victims were two fourteen-year-old girls who work in the factory so
Many people died because the owners of the factory
Locked the doors to their stairs and exits
this was to prevent the workers from taking breaks and stealing as a
Result of the fire and huge loss of life many people began protesting poor working conditions
the US Congress passed laws improving factory safety conditions
Women workers also formed a union to fight for better working conditions
Salem in the state of Massachusetts is called the witch City, but don’t be afraid
there aren’t women wearing pointy black hats riding around on brooms the
New England city is called the witch City because of the infamous set of trials that happened there in
1692 to 1693 at
the time the city was just a town in the British colony of Massachusetts the
Salem witch trials accused more than 200 people of being witches
People believed witchcraft was real and was criminal
Among the accused were women men and even children
19 people were sentenced to death
They were all hanged
One of the accused was tortured with heavy rocks being placed on him until he was crushed
underneath the weight
seven others died in jail
There was never any proof that those accused and convicted were really witches
Historians think the people would accuse people because of family feud’s
Other historians think that a domino effect occurred with people becoming hysterical after one accusation
fear of witches spread like a disease
The Salem witch trials have become a part of the city’s history the crucible a play about the trials by Arthur Miller
Has been turned into a movie the city is not ashamed of its past, but rather
Uses it to teach tolerance and earn some tourist dollars
There is a memorial dedicated to the innocent people who died because of the witch hunts
There is a witch Museum that tells the story of what happened
Many people visit Salem around Halloween
Salem police cars have witch logos
A local public school is known as the witchcraft Heights Elementary
School and the Salem high school sports teams are named the witches
films television shows featuring fictional witches have been filmed in Salem
including hocus-pocus and bewitched
The United Nations an
international organization founded in
1945 after the Second World War by 51 countries
Has its headquarters along the East River in New York City?
Technically anyone who visits UN headquarters is not in New York anymore
There are not even in the United States
That is because the land and buildings are considered international territory
The United Nations has its own flag its own post office and its own postage stamps
There is no need to change currency. However the UN uses the US dollar
Six official languages are used at the United Nations
They are Arabic
Chinese English French
Russian and Spanish
UN rules override the laws of New York City this does not mean that people can commit crimes there and get away with it
There is no immunity to those who commit crimes there
The property were the United Nations now states used to belong to a slaughterhouse
The current buildings were completed in
1952
The perimeter of the UN is line with flag poles with the flags of all
193
UN member states and the UN flag
They are arranged in alphabetical order in English
Some may think it’s great to be a neighbor to a peacekeeping agency like the UN
Many New Yorkers don’t think solo
Everytime a dignitary like a president or a prime minister visits streets are closed
Making it hard to get around and to find parking
You don’t need to be a diplomat to visit the UN though
There are tours Monday through Friday and not just in English
Guided tours are available in English French
German Italian
Japanese Korean
Mandarin Portuguese Russian Spanish and Swedish
Visitors can have a meal at the delegates dining room featuring a buffet of food from all over the world
Apples don’t grow in New York City, so that’s not why it’s called the Big Apple
There are many legends about how the city that never sleeps
Got its name
One story says that a famous brothel owner named Eve gave the city its name
Another version of its history claims the name has its roots in show business
with performers calling, New York
The Big Apple since it was the best place to get noticed
there is one legend that says the city got its name because of the large number of
unemployed selling apples on the streets of New York City during the Great Depression the
Term more likely has its roots in horse-racing from the 1920s
Prices were called apples and a newspaper reporter when writing about races
often would call the big prize the Big Apple in
Fact the Big Apple soon was used to mean any big city in the late 1920s through
1940s the Big Apple was not just a nickname for New York
It was also the name of a song he danced and a place to dance and sing
New York City was the first heart of the jazz music scene in the
1930s and 1940s
in
Harlem uptown Manhattan there was a club called the Big Apple there was also a
1938 short film of the same name
featuring black jazz musicians and dancers in the
1970s the city tourism agency began using the term the Big Apple on purpose
There is even a street corner in Manhattan called Big Apple Corner
one New York City baseball team the New York Mets
Have a big red apple that pops out whenever the Mets hit a home run in their stadium Citi Field
While the origins of Big Apple nickname are unclear it seems to be here to stay
The original World Trade Center opened in New York City in
1973
the most famous part of the complex of buildings
Was the twin towers?
They were named because they were almost exactly the same
The only difference is that one had a tall antenna on the top?
When they were built the
1360 eight-foot tall buildings were the tallest in the world
Such tall buildings needed a way for people to travel in them
The towers had 95 elevators in total
visitors used to travel to the 107 and
110 floors
Where there were observation decks from which one could see the entire city and New Jersey?
inside there were offices shops a
Hotel and on the top floor one of the towers there was a restaurant called windows on the world
the restaurant even
hosted a salsa night on Thursdays a
number of subway lines ran underneath the towers the World Trade Center complex
With a total of seven buildings was so large that it had its own zip code in
1974 a Frenchman walked a tightrope between the Twin Towers
The World Trade Center survived a bombing in
1993 the skyline and spirit of New York City were changed after September 11
2001
That morning two planes crashed into the World Trade Center in downtown, Manhattan
At first the top floors of the buildings were in flames
soon, they came tumbling down covering lower, Manhattan in hot metal and ash a
total of two thousand seven hundred and fifty three people died
For weeks the air smelled of burnt metal and plastic it took eight months for the site to be cleaned
Years later the World Trade Center is rebuilding
There is a new tower called the Freedom Tower
There is also a memorial and a museum to honor those who died in the 2001 attack?
Green isn’t the first word that pops into most people’s head when they think of New York City
Yet in the middle of Manhattan Island is the most visited Park in the United States
with 35 million visitors a year
Central Park a national historical landmark takes up
843 acres of land it is a green space where people go to escape the noise and crowds of
urban life
Before it opened in
1857 it wasn’t an empty space people lived on that land
They were mostly poor free blacks
Irish and Italian immigrants they were forced off the land to construct the park
one section of the park is called sheet-metal
Now it’s just a grassy area where people can lay in the Sun, but actual sheep used to graze there from
1864 to 1934
The Sheep from there were eventually moved to another Park in the city
Many events take place in Central Park
especially in the warm spring and summer months
There is an outdoor theater where Shakespeare’s plays are performed
The plays are free, which causes such high demand that people line up for hours before
performances to get inside
There are also free music concerts
Every summer a stage is set up these summer stage concerts feature musicians from all over the world
both the New York Philharmonic, Orchestra and the Metropolitan Opera
Also, host free performances in the park in the spring and summer
There are also two small zoos inside the park
There are a number of small lakes in the park
one of the lakes friends out a small mechanical sailboats
There is also a puppet theater and a carousel for kids
The park is not dead in the winter when it snows families often
Go to sled or to go ice skating in an outdoor rink owned by Donald Trump
The mall Baro man was a fictional character who appeared in several advertising campaigns for the Philip Morris
corporation
His ads ran on television from 1964 through
1999
effectively entering the collective conscience of the American people for generations
Philip Morris is one of the largest tobacco producing companies in the world and the corporation used the Marlboro Man
with great success over the years
The Marlboro Man was a strong rugged looking man
Who wrote a mighty horse and traveled throughout the country promoting tobacco products
He appeared in television
radio print and
billboard ads for decades
when the United States Surgeon General deemed tobacco smoke as unhealthy in the
1960s
the beginning of the end for the Marlboro Man had begun
the Surgeon General began an anti-smoking camp
By requiring all cigarette companies to place its warning label on each package sold in the country
The warning included the wording that tobacco smoke can cause lung cancer
Soon the pressure was on the tobacco companies to curb their advertising campaigns in
1955 tobacco sales reached 15 billion in the United States alone
After the Marlboro Man was introduced to the American public that total reached 20 billion
This increase was largely based on the malboro man campaign
the company also started an advertising scheme by offering genuine Marlboro Man gear for sale
These commodities were of high quality
That appealed to the outdoor type of person
the gear ranged from camping equipment
Hats to outdoor clothing. It was very successful in its time
This success came at a great expense though
For men who portrayed the Marlboro Man died of lung cancer
Earning malboro cigarettes as the cowboy killer
The mall bore omen is still popular in some parts of Europe and Japan where smoking is still in vogue
The beetles are an English group of musicians
from Liverpool England
That took America by storm
with their appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show on prime-time television
the group’s first appearance was seen by more than 73 million viewers in
February
1964
Introducing the band to the American people in the months to follow
the group became the biggest
rock-and-roll band ever to hit the United States
The group’s success opened the door for other British bands to make their way to America
bands such as The Rolling Stones
the WHO
The Kinks and the Dave Clark Five were soon playing their music to American audiences
The Beatles were made up by four of the finest musicians to ever play rock music
their lead singer was Paul McCartney and drummer Ringo Starr
Both still played to this day two of the original members
singers
Songwriters, John Lennon and George Harrison have tragically passed away
But their music lives in American culture to this day
The Beatles have sold more records in the United States than any other country in the world
There was controversy in the u.s.. Prior to the group’s first appearance
conservative Americans viewed the Beatles as up starts with brash new ideas
lyrics and sound
The young generation of the time was ready for a change and the Beatles gave them what they wanted
They were nicknamed the mop tops because of their long bowl-like haircuts. They flew in the face of
convention in the 60s
Nothing was going to stop the Beatles though. Their music is as popular today as it was 50 plus years ago
This February the Grammy Awards presented a special telecast
celebrating the 50th anniversary of the group’s first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show
The Griffith Observatory is a planetarium and an exhibit hall
located in Los Angeles, Griffith Park it
features several astronomical displays and
telescopes in the
Hollywood Hills in the Los Feliz district of the city
The observatory was built on land donated
by Griffith J Griffith in
1896
Griffith was a Welsh born the lad pissed and
mining tycoon who wanted to give the public access to a state-of-the-art observatory
So it was free of charge to visitors
he felt common people should be able to enjoy the wonders of the universe and
Not be solely for the scientific community
Griffith
Donated three thousand and fifteen acres of land
Specifically to house the observatory that opened on may 14
1935 during the first five days after the opening the planetarium averaged more than
13,000 visitors a day
one of the major attractions
was the full call pendulum that is designed to show the Earth’s rotation and
disease reflecting telescope
the observatory has a striking view of Los Angeles and Hollywood and
The Pacific Ocean can be seen on clear days from there in
2002 the planetarium was subjected to a 93 million dollar renovation and expansion
Which closed the museum for four years after it reopened in
2006 the facility expanded underground with new exhibits a cafe a
gift shop and a theatre
the wilder Hall of the eye
section concentrates on the astronomical
aspect of the observatory it is where people can view the stars through the observatory’s telescope and
features an interactive exhibit
That is very popular
The Ahmanson hall of the sky is another popular attraction
For viewing images in the night sky that are visible to the naked. Eye
The observatory frequently stages viewing nights when the public is invited to bring their own telescopes it
is open daily and
remains free of charge
The United States is a country that has people from all over the world
Not only do many people speak different languages
many people practice different religions
Most people in the u.s.
Identify as being Christian, but only half of those people attend church on a regular basis
The second most popular religion is Judaism
The third most common religion in the u.s.. Is Islam
Other religions practiced in the u.s.. Include Hinduism and Buddhism
About 20% of all people in the u.s.. Say they don’t practice any religion
one of the founding principles of the United States is
religious freedom which means people can practice whatever religion they want without being
discriminated against
This is even guaranteed in the US Constitution
This is one reason why the United States has no official religion
Because there are so many different religions in the United States
There are many different types of houses of worship
Christians attend churches
Jews and Hindus attend temples
Muslims attend mosques
Many people use what they were to reflect their religious beliefs
For example some Islamic women or a scarf called hijab to cover their head
It is disrespectful to ask a Muslim woman to take off her hijab or ask her to show you what is under it
male followers of an Indian religion called Sikhism
usually wear cotton turbans
Again, it is wrong to take a person’s turban off or ask that they take it off
male followers of Hasidism a
Branch of Judaism have long curls on the side of their heads
They wear a fringe prayer shawl other Jewish men may wear a small cap on their heads called a Yarmouk
This is supposed to be a constant reminder that God is above them
the Woodstock Music and Art Fair
commonly called, Woodstock
Was an American music and art celebration that took place from August 15th through 18th
1969 it was billed as three days of peace and music
And was a defining event for the young generation
of Americans of the time
The 1960s was an impactful era in American history
Many of the events that took place during those
controversial 10 years
profoundly affect modern American society today
The war in Vietnam was raging in the 60s and the popular president John F. Kennedy
was assassinated in
1963
These are just two of the events that define the decade
There were many more historic events during that era that
Deeply divided the country
Woodstock was designed to show how the young generation can coexist with the older generation of
Americans living in harmony with one another
although the event did not occur in the town of Woodstock, New York
The city has become synonymous with the celebration
more than
400,000 young people gathered at the dairy farm in the small town of White Lake
New York to witness music history in the making
Rolling Stone magazine
Listed the event as one of the 50 moments that changed the history of rock and roll
some of the biggest names in rock history
formed at the three-day event
including the who
the Grateful Dead
Janis Joplin
Jefferson Airplane and the late Jimi Hendrix and
All 32 acts performed at the outdoor festival, and it was free charged to all
Two soundtracks were released in the following two years
both albums
featured the live performances with introductions
the documentary film Woodstock was released in 1970 and
received an Oscar in the Academy Award for feature documentary
Category it was also deemed a culturally significant by the United States Library of Congress
The United States Department of Veteran Affairs
more commonly known as the Veterans Administration
Is an organization dedicated to provide services for all veterans of the US military
It was formed in July 1930 and today employs approximately
280,000 people at hundreds of its offices throughout the u.s.
its annual budget for the
2014 fiscal year is nearly one hundred and fifty three billion dollars
Making it one of the largest government agencies in
existence today
The department is broken into three main subdivisions it consists of Veterans Health Administration
The Veterans Benefits Administration and the National Cemetery administration
The VA health administration is
responsible for providing veterans with all health care issues while the Benefits Administration is
Designed to help veterans in areas such as guaranteed home loans
insurance vocational rehabilitation and
educational benefits
the National Cemetery administration
Provides burial and memorial benefits and is interested with a maintenance of the VA s cemeteries
The VA has served us veterans from several wars
beginning with survivors of World War one it has continued the tradition of
serving former military members
By providing the services for those veterans who need help readjusting to civilian life
many of these veterans
especially those who saw combat during their time in the military are
in need of basic medical services for wounds suffered in conflicts
This was the original concept for the creation of the VA
since that time the VA has expanded greatly and now provides additional services such as
educational benefits and home buying assistance
It also helps those veterans who had become homeless after their service to their country ended
There are approximately 30 million military veterans living in the u.s.. Today
That number represents nearly 10 percent of the population of the country today
One of the most impactful television series ever to run on American TV was married with children
the show aired on the Fox channel for 11 years and many believe it was responsible for
Keeping the new station alive during the early years in
1987 commercial TV in the United States was dominated by the big three the
American Broadcasting Company ABC the National Broadcasting Company NBC
and the Columbia Broadcasting Company CBS
When the Fox channel appeared on the scene few people gave it much chance to survive in the face of it’s stiff competition
But married with children changed all that
The show followed the exploits of a dysfunctional family that lived in a fictional suburb of Chicago
The main character was the father Al Bundy
Who was a lovable loser living with his self-centered wife and bratty kids?
together the family makes Al’s life miserable as he
Stumbles and fumbles his way through life
Al works as a shoe salesman that pays very little and has little chance of promotion
Al is an endearing character who gained the adoration of the American public for many years
the actor Ed O’Neill
Who played al said that people still approach him to this day calling him al or?
mr., Bundy
O’Neal
Also said that playing the character for so many years made it difficult for him to find work
once the series ended because people associated him with al
One of the things that made the show so popular is that no subject was off-limits to the writers
It was a controversial show that dealt with controversial subjects
Many people boycotted the show because of its racy content
but Fox continued on
the show has cultivated a cult-like following that began in the 80s and
continues today
One of the most recent social changes taking place in the United States and in the world is
social networking
Social networking in itself is not a new development
These types of groups have been in existence for at least
150 years and
probably longer than that in
The times before the invention of the personal computer and the advent of the World Wide Web
social networking was done in person
people who had similar likes and interests would gathered together to share experiences
Make new contacts and promote themselves or their businesses on
the Internet
social networking websites made their first appearance
during the late 1990s
The first major social networking website in the United States was my space
Myspace was a comprehensive
social networking site that allowed its users to exchange messages
Share pictures and make new friends in a way that was never thought of in the past
With myspace people who did not go out much could reach out to others from the comfort of their own homes in
2004 Facebook was created
It was originally a website created for use by Harvard University
students
graduates and faculty
But it soon expanded to include just about everyone
Facebook is an elaborate social networking site that has grown incredibly fast
It is now larger than some of the largest companies in the world. It is a website. That is in constant change
New features are added regularly
Facebook has revolutionized the way people stay connected with each other and the rest of the world
The way it works is simple
Users can set up a new account easily
All a new user needs is an email address to start
Once a person has created an account. He or she can invite friends
By sending a request out to people they know who also have their own Facebook pages
Once you get started making new friends will come easily in
the United States people love to throw parties for men reasons of
Course there are the usual birthday parties, but some people even have parties to celebrate divorces
No matter. What kind of party you are going to
It’s a good idea to make sure you are actually invited
It’s considered rude to just show up unless the host the person giving the party invited you
You will either get a paper
Email or verbal invitation to a party
Alternately you can also go as a guest of someone else invited
Like as his or her date
Once invited it is very important to let the hosts know if you are actually is going to show up
Many times hosts have a party catered that is other people who prepare the food
They need to know how much food to have
Letting them know if you are showing up or not helps the host and is considered polite
It’s also important to be relatively punctual for a party
Most parties in the u.s.. Never start exactly when they say they will
Many people like to be fashionably late
That is showing up about 30 minutes after the party is supposed to start
People like to do this to make a big entrance
Showing up more than 30 minutes before or after is considered rude, though
if you show up too early you are likely to interrupt valuable preparation time of the host if
You show up too late. You are just being rude
Even if it is not a birthday party it is polite to bring a gift for the host
it doesn’t need to be a fancy gift a
bottle of wine or even flowers is polite and will be appreciated a
Bridal shower is a party when a woman who about to get married
is showered with gifts and well wishes a
bride-to-be
Will often register at one or several department stores and create a list of things?
she would like people to give her as
presents
This makes it easy for guests of both the bridal shower and the wedding itself
to know what kind of things the bride wants a
registry also makes sure that there are no duplicate presence a
Bride may want a blender
But she sure doesn’t want to receive three and have to deal with the hassle of returning extras
Most bridal shower gifts are items that a newly married couple needs to start their life together
these gifts include dishes pots pans
And even appliances like toasters and microwave ovens
Many brides also look forward to receiving some money
Cash or checks are considered appropriate gifts for a bridal shower
The money comes in handy to help pay for an expensive wedding
Sometimes people bring tasteless gifts like lingerie to bridal showers
Some people think those gifts are good because they help the new couple
Spice up their married life
others find these types of presents
embarrassing
while many bridal showers are surprises others are pen with input from the bride-to-be a
Bridal shower can be small an intimate and held in someone’s home it can also be a larger affair
held at a restaurant or a
catering hall
Sometimes snacks and desserts are served, or a full meal can be offered
Traditionally bridal showers or women only Affairs
however
More and more showers are now co-ed with men and women
traditionally
Men are not invited to bridal showers, but now more showers include men and the groom to be
Like many parties in the u.s.. There would be no dancing at the bridal shower. Just eating and people chatting
some bridal showers even have games
While many women are involved in planning their bridal showers a
baby shower usually comes as a complete surprise a
Baby shower is a party where a pregnant woman is a showered
with gifts and good wishes a
baby shower is
usually given by a close female friend or relative of the mother-to-be
Sometimes co-workers of a pregnant person will also throw a baby shower
The baby shower is usually given when the mother-to-be is between 6 and 9 months pregnant
sometimes though
Because predicting the due date of a baby isn’t always exact a baby shower
can happen after the baby is born a
Baby shower can be held in someone’s home or outside
Like in a restaurant or a catering hall
Traditionally only women are invited to a baby shower
However more and more baby showers are also including the father-to-be
like with a bridal shower a
Mother-to-be will often register a wish list of things she wants at one or several stores
This list usually consists of things the mother wants for her, baby
including clothes
diapers and even furniture like high chairs and cribs
This way friends and family members can go to the store and buy something from the list
Registering helps make sure that there aren’t repeat items
Like dirty bottles on a new mom only needed 15
Some baby showers also feature a paper mache wishing well
This is not just for decoration
People can put cards inside with wishes for the new baby and mom
Most of these cards also contain money or gift cards to help the mom-to-be
Buy whatever else she needs for the baby
Sometimes there are games at a baby shower in
One game everyone guesses the due date of the baby
Another game has people taste baby food and guess the flavor

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